A+ guide help Essay

Submitted By Jgalvez722
Words: 1904
Pages: 8

Reviewing the Basics
1. The 3 Critical Windows settings used to securing a computer are: Windows Update, Antivirus software, Network location setting.
2. The folder that holds the registry is: C:\Windows\system32\configfolder. The folder that holds the backup of the registry is the C:\Windows\system32\config\RegBack.
3. The folder that holds the 32-bit programs installed is C:\Program Files(x86) folder.
4. The file that holds user settings is the Ntuser.data.
5. The purpose of the C:\Windows\CSC folder is where the Offline files are stored so that the user can work with the files in the folder when the computer is not connected to the corporate network
6. The purpose of the Windows.old folder automatically created when Windows 7 was installed as an upgrade from Vista. Windows 7 setup stored the old Windows, Program Files, & User folders.
7. You can delete the Windows.old folder by using the Disk Cleanup utility to free up space.
8. Windows 7 automatically defrags the drive once a week.
9. The other name for a file allocation unit is a cluster.
10. Solid state drive
11. It will free up space on the hard drive, and if the software loads a service or program during Windows startup, Windows startup might see performance improvement.
12. Pagefile.sys, & the normal path is stored in the root directory of drive C:.
13. Internal or External hard drive.
14. System protection and restore points.
15. When a hard drive crashes, most likely all partitions go down together and you will have lost your data and your backup.
16. Backup and Restore.
17. The folder in which Windows XP and 7 are installed.
18. System Protection.
19. By turning System Protection off and then on.
20. C:\System Volume Information.
21. Click Create then in the System Protection Box, enter a name for the restore point, such as "Before I tested software", and click Create.
22. exFat uses the same structure as the older FAT32 file system, but with a 64-bit-wide file allocation table.
23. Click Start, All Programs, Accessories, and right-click Command Prompt. Then select Run as administrator.
24. The question mark (?) is a wildcard for one character in a command line.
25. To display output one screen at a time.
26. The command dir/s lists all files and subdirectories.
27. An elevated command prompt window.
28. Windows runs chkdsk the next time you restart Windows.
29. Robocopy.
30. Disk Management.
31. RAID implemented by hardware.
32. Foreign drive.
33. Windows 7 Ultimate and Enterprise.


Active Partition - The primary partition on the hard drive that boots the OS. Windows calls the active partition the system partition.
Automated System Recovery (ASR) - The Windows XP process that allows you to restore an entire hard drive volume or logical drive to its state at the time the backup of the volume was made
Basic Disk - The term Windows uses that applies to a hard drive when the drive is a stand-alone drive in the system. Compare to dynamic disk
Boot partition - The hard drive partition where the Windows OS is stored. The system partition and the boot partition may be different partitions
Cluster - One or more sectors that constitute the smallest unit of space on a disk for storing data (also referred to as a file allocation unit). Files are written to a disk as groups of whole clusters
Compact Disc File System (CDFS) - The 32-bit file system for CD discs and some CD-R and CD-RW discs
Complete PC Backup - A Vista utility that can make a backup of the entire volume on which Vista is installed and can also back up other volumes
Defragment - To rewrite a file to a disk in one contiguous chain of clusters, thus speeding up data retrieval
Disk cleanup - A Windows utility that enables you to delete temporary files to free up space on a drive
Dynamic disk - A way to partition one or more hard drives, so that the drives can work together to store data in order to increase space for data or to provide fault tolerance