Essay on A quick look at Harvard Referencing

Submitted By JeffieSJF
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A quick look at Harvard Referencing


In your reference list
Bell, J. (2010) Doing your research project. 5th Edn. Maidenhead: OUP.

In your text
According to Bell (2010), ethnography is a research method with roots in anthropology.
According to Bell (2010), he states that … XXXX

Bell (2010) states that / claims that / suggests that / points out that ethnography is …

Direct quotation:
Bell (2010, p. 15) says that ‘participant observation is the cornerstone of ethnography.’

If it is just like a paper book, e.g with publication details and page numbers, then use same system as above. If these details are not available, then include URL and download date.

Adams, D. (1979) The hitchhiker's guide to the galaxy. Available at: (Downloaded: 29 January 2013).

Newspaper articles

In your reference list
Hill, A. (2009) ‘Manners matter more than grades, say parents’, The Guardian.
22 March, p.13.

In your text
Interestingly, it is manners that are more important to parents (Hill, 2009).

Web pages with authors

In your reference list
Burton, M. (2011). What Happened to Christianity? Available at: (Accessed: 14 October 2013)

Web pages with organization as author

In your reference list
Pet Food Manufacturers’ Association (2010). Pet Population 2013. Available at: (Accessed: 14 October 2013)

In your text
Approximately 8.5 million homes in the UK have dogs as pets (Pet Food Manufacturers’ Association, 2010)

Web pages with no authors – use title

In your reference list
Active learning in UK universities (2011) Available at: (Accessed: 13 October 2013)

In your text
According to a recent survey (Active learning in UK universities, 2011), students prefer interactive workshops to teacher-fronted lectures.