A rite of passage is an event that marks a new and significant change in a person’s life. According to our text, a rite of passage is defined as ceremonies held for events such as christenings, puberty rituals, marriages, and funerals (Crapo, 2013). When these ceremonies are held they signify a change in a person’s life such as moving from childhood to adulthood. Nearly all societies recognize and hold ceremonies for these events. The rite of passage I chose to write about is puberty rituals. There are many different ways people celebrate becoming an adult. In the Jewish culture a thirteen year old boy has a Bar Mitzvah, In Spanish cultures a fifteen year has a girl has a quinceanera and in America a you have a sweet sixteen or get your license. A less known puberty ritual is the sunrise dance that is celebrated by the Apache Indian tribe The Sunrise Ceremony celebrates the transition into womanhood and honor this time in a girl’s life as holy. This celebration is a four day ceremony in which a girl passes from childhood to womanhood. Pollen is something holy to the Apache people. It is used as a blessing. On Saturday and Sunday she is showered with the bright yellow powder. All the people in attendance pick up a handful of pollen from a basket and shake it over her head. Each says prayers in their minds. Then her father pours candies and corn kernels over her to protect her from famine. Some other parts of this ritual include the girl dancing on buckskin,
subgroups (e.g., Orthodox, Conservative, Reform, or Reconstructionist Judaism).
Scientology is not an acceptable religion.
Doing the Fieldwork
Your next step is to attend a ritual in the religion you have selected. The ritual can be a public ceremony such as a Sunday morning church service, a rite of passage or even a ritual held in a home. Make plans to go to your site. If you do not have an informant to go with, you may want to call ahead and make arrangements. Tell them who you are and why you…
Can be seen as a problem that society has created
Montgomery, 2007, p. 70
‘’How does a comparative perspective help us to appreciate that the experience of adolescence is determined by social and cultural forces’’?
During this TMA I will show how a comparative perspective is helpful in understanding that adolescence is not a rigid, universal form that applies to each young person and is often understood to be so in the Western world, but instead is related to social and cultural circumstances…
Includes rites of passage, initiation, burial ceremonies etc.
Purposes: celebrate life-cycle; promote well-being, provision of needs, passing on information.
Often gender specific
No immediate control over food supplies so most rituals celebrate wildlife and continuation of food supply.
Spirit of species inhabits certain sites: responsible groups must perform proper rights to ensure spirits emerge and give life.
Death and burial rituals:
Death is only the last ceremony…
Country: term used to describe ones land which they belong to and their place of dreaming
Elders: Key persons and keepers of knowledge within Aboriginal communities
‘Elders’ – kinship and owners
‘Elders’ - leaders of large extended family
‘Elders’ – knowledge given
Kinship: the system of relationships traditionally accepted by a culture and the rights and obligations they hold
Ritual estate: land which they are responsible for
Represents the idea of ‘my country’
Contains sites of spiritual…
importantly, who raised you, is how you are going to learn how to act and behave. Most people would think of a significant other as your boyfriend or girlfriend, wife or husband, but it isn’t necessarily. It is just a person that has had a big impact on your life and has made you the person you are today. Without them, you…
Table of Contents
The Early Church 3
The Catholic Church Government 6
Church Government and Secular Government 9
Government and Protestantism 11
Ongoing Changes 12
Church government is a self-explanatory phrase for the mode of governance of the church, but the phrase has different meanings. The basic structure of governance in the Christian church derives from…
On average sites 5 times larger than their predecessors
Flint and bone tools
Microliths slottes into wooden handles to make sickles -- evidence of sheen from harvesting grasses
Ochre (ritual purposes)
II. First Irish
First humans in Ireland crossed from Scotland, around 8000BC (10,000 yeas ago)
A. Everyday life
Hunters and foragers inhabiting sea and lake shores and river banks
Homes made of animal skins
INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE
(I). Apostolic Church
• Age of apostles, c. 33-115, A.D.
• Jesus Movement, c. 33-50/70
• Council of Jerusalem (c. 50)
• Roman sack of Jerusalem (70)
o Roman captured and sacked Jerusalem and destroyed the temple. Hurt Jews and Hurt Christians
o Arch of tideus
• First great Christian missions in this period
• Composistion of the New Testament Books
• First Heresies (Gnosticism, etc.)
Age of the Apostolic Fathers
• AGE OF LEADERS…
Anthropology=Study of Humankind
Human species and ancestors
Holistic(整体的)--past, present, and future; biology, society, language, and culture
Comparative, cross-cultural perspective
Exploring variation in time (diachronic历经时间长河的) and space (synchronic不考虑历史上变化的)
Anthropology in the news:
It is all about adaptation
What distinguishes humans from other species?
Before J. Goodall, it was just technology