Petroleum is a non-renewable source of energy that plays a prominent role in our daily lives. The transportation sector alone uses 52% of all oil consumptions in the world (Rodrigue, 2010). In 2008, Canada was listed among the top ten oil-consuming nations worldwide along with the U.S., which alone consumed around 208 million barrels of oil per day (Stanley, 2008). The soaring prices of gasoline have led to the possible solution of oil drilling in the Arctic Circle to alleviate the pain at gas pumps. As Arctic ice shelves melt and become more penetrable due to global warming, many nations are considering oil-drilling initiatives to obtain the undiscovered 30-35% of oil reserves (Markey, 2010). However, oil will only sustain global demands for a mere four years before falling into an economic crisis (Howden, 2007). Dependence on oil drilling to alleviate prices at gas pumps can only pose a continual threat to our environment. Oil drilling causes destruction to vegetation, wildlife, habitats, and indigenous life. Annually, offshore drilling produces 214,000 pounds of pollutants that contribute to global warming, while around 6 million tons of oil enters the ocean yearly due to oil spills. Toxins from crude oil can intoxicate Arctic wildlife causing bioaccumulation in the food chains of the aquatic ecosystems (Australian Government, 2008), and causes aquatic species to lose their insulating capabilities leading to death (Dabbs, 1996). The devastating Exxon Valdez oil spill in the south Gulf of Alaska killed 2,800 sea otters and 250,000 seabirds (Cleveland, 2008). These outrageous figures prove that the damage caused by oil drilling is continuing to rise in magnitude. The negative implications caused by offshore drilling will create an oil epidemic rather than alleviating high oil prices in the long run. To overcome this, we propose an alternate solution—creation of a condensed city with the implementation of eco-friendly public transportation and the use of alternative fuel sources. Situating taller structures in closer proximity confines the city into a smaller area and limits the amount of travel and thus, oil consumption. In condensed cities like Dubai, buildings such as the Burj Khalifa tower are built 2000 feet up into the sky, and structures such as the Hydropolis hotel are built deep into the depths of water (Archer, 2008). Another prominent structure is Dubai’s rotating skyscraper, which traps wind and converts it into electrical energy for electrically operated vehicles. (BBC News, 2008). In order to meet the transportation needs of a highly dense city, a fast and reliable 24-hour public transit system should be implemented with highly branched subway lines as seen in Tokyo, and the Bus Rapid Transit system used in Curitiba, Brazil. An efficient petroleum-free transit system can be created using an underground system as intricate as the Tokyo subway system, which carries around 2.8 billion people annually to 282 subway stations, modified with the use of maglev trains. (Grist Magazine, 2007). Maglev trains work by a repelling force between a superconducting magnet and the ground coil on the track, providing both levitation and propulsion. They are frictionless, thus, able to reach a maximum speed of 550 km/h while producing very little noise. However, this technology is very costly (Railway Technical Research Institute, 2004). The Bus Rapid Transit system is a highly efficient subway-like bus transportation grid first utilized by the city of Curitiba, Brazil. Which is home to 1.7 million people and over 75% of the population who heavily depend on this type of public transportation Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) is a transit network adopted by many cities as a way to significantly improve urban mobility. BRT is designed to take in 270 passengers at a time in order to reduce congestion while meeting transit demands (Leroy, 2004). In terms of cost, it takes a 100 million dollar to…
industry. As of December 31, 2011, Energy recognized $ billion in revenue for the sale. Sometimes, Energy’s operations result in soil contamination and Energy should clean up this contamination when legislation requiring under the laws of the particular country. In addition, Energy has a widely published environmental policy in which it undertakes clean up all contamination that it causes. Energy is currently involved in environmental obligations, such as clean up the lands.
The Coal Harbour Hotel is a 4 star full service hotel located in downtown Vancouver built in late 1980’s and signed a affiliation agreement with Stardust Hospitality in 1990. At first, this affiliation enhanced the business but when the 2000s hit, business started declining significantly due to increased competition in the Vancouver market. The mixture of global events and increased competition caused the GM of The Coal Harbour Hotel to panick and develop a tunnel vision focusing…
were flying towards Pearl
Harbour. Here is what happened:
The Opana Radar station in Oahu, Hawaii, saw something very odd on the screen. There were lots of planes flying towards them. It was the only radar station turned on. The commander told them that it was nothing to worry about as there was a squadron of American planes from California. What nobody in America knew was that the Japanese had taken off at 6.00 a.m. and were heading towards Pearl Harbour. America was in danger!
Japan that was recently smashed concerning by the devastating earthquake and tsunami, as a result of the nuclear reactors are broken and that they are emitting radiation, even absolutely unsafe materials groups are at severe risk of radiation contamination among many minutes of exposure. Robots are being sent in to scrub up the mess, measure radioactivity levels, and even stream live video feeds for scientists to observe. This is how technology has
Automobiles or now days named car are currently…
Contamination in the Yangtze
Welcome ladies and gentlemen, to the annual environmental science and chemistry conference. This year we are focusing on air/ water quality and recycling efforts in developing countries such as China. The goal of this conference is to create a harmonious society with clean air and water. As an environmental and chemical consultant for Kung and Associates, I wish to discuss with you today the issue of water pollution along the Yangtze through out the process of the…
‘triple bottom line’, they run their business, but they do care people and environmental things.
5. A ‘Green’ Hotel Example
o. Choose a ‘Green’ Hotel that is located in your market
The Westin Harbour Castel
p. Provide an overview of the property
The Westin Harbour Castle, Toronto is a landmark waterfront hotel located in vibrant downtown Toronto on Lake Ontario, near major attractions including the Air Canada Centre, CN Tower, and Toronto's financial and theatre…
UNEXPECTED ATTACK RESULTS
IN DECLARED WAR
Just before 8 a.m. on December 7, 1941, hundreds of Japanese fighter planes attacked the American naval base at Pearl Harbor near Honolulu, Hawaii.
December the 7th 1941 marks a date that will never be forgotten as hundreds of Japanese fighter planes attacked the American naval base at Pearl Harbor. Almost the entire Pacific Fleet was moored around Ford Island in the harbor: to the Japanese, Pearl Harbor was an irresistible target. The barrage lasted…
Aseptic Processing Contamination Case Studies and the
Pharmaceutical Quality System
Richard L. Friedman
Food & Drug Administration, Center for Drug Evaluation & Research, Division of Manufacturing & Product Quality
ABSTRACT: This paper summarizes parenteral drug contamination case studies presented at industry conferences and
a Food and Drug Administration advisory committee meeting in the period of 2000-2004. CGMP deficiencies
associated with each contamination event are discussed. The key…
Article: “The Case for Contamination” by Kwame Anthony Appiah
In “The Case for Contamination” the author Kwame Appiah analyzes and points out the many ways in which the world is becoming globalized. He uses many extensive examples to show that the world is getting ‘contaminated’. By ‘contamination’ he means that the mixture of all the innovative values and traditions are damaging and eventually destroying what our ancestors have left us. In his analysis, he describes the gradual transformation…