“O, Pioneers”, by Willa Cather, is a story about an immigrant, family’s struggle of living in a rural area while trying to make ends meet. The story mainly focuses on the daughter of the family, Alexandra. Throughout the novel, readers get a glimpse into the hardships and victories of Alexandra and her family and also the social and cultural life of rural areas. During the time when this novel was written, 1913, workers and immigrants in rural areas had it much different than today. Workers of that day roughly had any type of technology or machinery to help them with crops or the land. They were also most likely required to work from sun up to sun down with very little breaks in between. Not to say that these type of workers have it easy today, but modern America is technologically advanced and has very adequate machinery. Also, it is very likely that employees may be hired to do the work for the land owners instead of themselves. During Cather’s time, this was a possibility, but only if a person was wealthy. No matter what age of time, it takes a very hard-working, determined person to be able to work in these types of conditions. Social life during this time was mainly centered on religion and social status. Religion was a huge part of society for people during this time and it wasn’t questioned, it was just what had always been done. Social status was also a very prominent thing. There was a fine line between each class of society and people knew to stay in their own group. Today, religion isn’t the main focus of America anymore. Faith and religion have been questioned and distorted by worldly views as time has gone on. As for social class, that is still something commonly looked at today, it is just not as severe and harsh as it was back then. Another similarity would be that both time periods have tremendous examples of women stepping up and becoming leaders. Since Alexandra was the oldest child when her father died, she was left in charge over the land and her brothers, Lou and Oscar. It is common today to see women being the leaders of homes and major job corporations. Prior to reading this book, I did not have very much knowledge of the immigrants and the Great Plains. However, I was able to make some connections with things in the book and things from class. During the 1880’s and 1890’s farmers were struggling with trying to make ends meet due to debt. Farmers had faced many difficulties with drought, failed crops, and an oversupply of goods. Just like the farmers faced these kinds of problems, Alexandra and her family were facing the same ones. Also the text describes immigrants as coming to America, trying to fit in, but still wanting to keep their traditions. Alexandra’s mother is a great example of this when she said she would never live in a sod house. Like previously stated, Alexandra’s father, John, dies of an illness in the beginning of the story and leaves Alexandra in charge. Alexandra’s brothers desperately want to give up the land but she refuses. She knows that to be able to thrive in the world, getting rid of their land is the last thing they should want to do. Instead, she goes out and gathers information from other immigrants and farmers and decides to buy more land. It was not commonly known for women to be the head of households and land owners during this time, but Alexandra definitely broke this stereotype. I don’t think however that Alexandra remained in thrall to any of these stereotypes. She was still the nurturing care taker of the family. She practically raised her younger brother, Emil. Also, Alexandra still always respected her brothers and never acted “above” them,
o 1st science purporting to be a true sciene of mid that could measure mental qualities and fuctions called cranioscopy introduce at the beginning of the 19th century by franz joseph gall and later rename phrenology. ( Reading the Bumps on your mind) *****
• Herbert spencer
o Coined the phrase surviol of the fittest
• Jean Esquirol
o Made distions btw idots and mentally derange persons
o Befan testing feebie minded as well as demented
• Sir Francis Galton
o Pioneer in the use…
depth of the stranger’s life. She so easily conjures up a nearly imperceptible feeling that we did know, or should have known the struggle and triumph of the sleeper within the tomb. And so, the notion I uncovered upon reading her two novels, O Pioneers and My Ántonia, is that a depth of character is formed and revealed from an unrelentingly bleak place. It’s the juxtaposition of the plain, sometimes ugly landscape with the complex and often beautiful human character that strikes me most. In…
50 in the last decade alone—have examined the relation of organization structure to members' attitudes and behaviors. The history of organization and management theory clearly demonstrates a transition from the earlier prescriptive formulations of pioneer scholar-practitioners to a contemporary concern with description and even, in a few cases, with experimentation. A broad spectrum of organizational arrangements have been thought to affect
the satisfaction and performance of organizational participants…
The first literary
form that I used
was a poem by
“Let America Be
In this piece there are many literary elements that are present to
discuss. The first element that I encountered is listed below. In the
beginning of the poem Hughes states, “let America be America again,
let it be the dream it used to be, let it be the pioneer upon the plain…”
(kk0313, 2007) in this line Hughes portrays America as a dream and as
a pioneer. In these two comparisons…
Unit One Individual Reading Assignment
In this first poem entitled A Dream Deferred, Hughes compares the American Dream to a raisin, a sore, rotten meat, and sugar. This poem is made up of a multi-level rhetorical database. Line one asks the first question which is also the main question. “What happens to a dream deferred?” After this first sentence is laid out, then he lists four other rhetorical questions to answer that first question. But in the third and second to last lines, Hughes answers…
Charles R. Forbes
John W. Davis
Robert La Follette
Alfred E. Smith
I. The Republican “Old Guard” Returns
1. Newly elected President Warren G. Harding had a mediocre mind
and he did not like to hurt
o Could not detect the corruption within his adminstration.
– His cabinet did have some good officials, though, such as
of State Charles Evans Hughes, who was masterful, imperious,
and brilliant, Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover…
Report prepared for
ACSC100: Academic Communication in Science
Lecturer: Louise Katkins
Scientists should work to develop an innovative technological payment method that would be effectively utilised by the Australian community.
Student ID: PUABD1301
Monday, 22 April, 2013 Word Count=
Future Payment Methods
Table of Contents
Literature Review 2
Reference List 5
Due to insufficient…
Define motivation. Use a personal example to explain how the expectancy theory of motivation works. Include in your essay a discussion of valence, expectancy and instrumentality.
Firstly ,I personally feel that we need to understand what motivation is before explaining the theory behind this factor.
DEFINITION OF MOTIVATION:-
In simple words ,motivation is the process of encouraging employees to direct their best efforts towards the accomplishment of organizational goals.It is a word prominently…
3 mobile is owned by Hutchison Whampoa and operates
exclusively on the 3G network.
3 mobile was launched on 3rd March 2003 and within 32
months acquired 3.2 million customers.
Three was the pioneer in launching the 3G mobile technology
in the UK.
Three thrives as the UK's fastest growing network and
currently has nearly 4 million customers (www.three.co.uk).
DEFINITION OF MARKETING
The term marketing mix refers to the primary
indefinites by means of existential quantifiers with scopes extending beyond the sentence level, and then allow the variables for the pronouns to be captured by these quantifiers. But this will not do: at some point the scope of a quantifier has to be ‘closed o↵’, but further on another pronoun may occur that has to be linked to the same antecedent.
The bound variable approach to anaphora also fails for cases where a pronoun in the consequent of a conditional sentence is linked to an indefinite noun phrase…