Being part of the community, rather than the outsider, the people are able to feel safe and in control of the outsider’s actions, “They made him understand that he was to stay there and showed him where he would sleep on some straw.” The absence of clothing on the outsider shows his vulnerability and lack of security compared with the group who are fully clothed. The juxtaposition of the physical size of the tall and wide community compared with the outsider who is significantly smaller and very thin suggests the strength and force of the community, enabling them to feel safe and supported.
Individuals who do not belong to the community, either by choice or force, may face consequences. Throughout ‘The Crucible’, the protagonist John Proctor chooses not to conform, not to attend church, and disobeys the values and rules of Salem theocracy. These actions chosen by Proctor become consequential when Reverend Parris, the minister of Salem’s church, uses this against him in court, as Parris repeatedly states to Danforth, “He’s come to overthrow this court!” Proctor’s decisions to exclude himself from the community and theocracy have caused the court to accuse him of lying and following witchcraft and the devil.
This is also evident in ‘The Island’, although while it was a choice of proctor’s to not belong, it was not a choice for the outsider in this text, instead it was forced upon him. The outsider faces the