April 23, 2015
AP American History
My Lai Massacre In 1968, in which American troops had brutally massacred innocent
women and children in the village of My Lai, in South Vietnam. It also led to more opposition
to the war in America.
Watergate The events and scandal surrounding a breakin at the Democratic National
Committee headquarters in 1972. Led to revelations that White House staff had orchestrated
it, and from there a string of illegalities were exposed, including Nixon's own abuses of power;
there was much controversy over the White House's attempts to coverup the allegations and
ignore them. Led to Nixon's eventual resignation.
Election of 1972 Nixon against Dem. George McGovern, with the former being the
embodiment of the radical movements Nixon's "silent majority" of middleclass Americans
opposed, resulting in a landslide victory for Nixon
OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries: started as an informal bargaining unit
but rapidly expanded and gained power. It meant to regulate the sale of oil by Third World
nations, but asserted no real authority until the 1970s by using oil as an economic and
political tool and drastically increasing prices.
Vietnamization Nixon's strategy for ending U.S involvement in the Vietnam war, involving a
gradual withdrawal of American troops they would training South Vietnamese soldiers to
replace Americans in an attempt to remove them from the war.
Fall of Saigon Marked the end of the Vietnam War in April 1975 when North Vietnamese
invaded South Vietnam, forcing all Americans left to flee in disarray as the capitol was taken
Henry Kissinger National Security Advisor and Secretary of State during the Nixon
Administration, he was responsible for negotiating an end to the Yom Kippur War as well as
the Treaty of Paris that led to a ceasefire in Vietnam in 1973.
Equal Rights Amendment Declared full constitutional equality for women. Although it passed
both houses of Congress in 1972, a concerted grassroots campaign by antifeminists led by
Phyllis Schlafly persuaded enough state legislatures to vote against ratification. The
amendment failed to become part of the Constitution.
Enviormental Protection Agency A governmental organization signed into law by Richard
Nixon in 1970 designed to regulate pollution, emissions, and other factors that negatively
influence the natural environment. The creation of the it marked a newfound commitment by
the federal government to actively combat environmental risks and was a significant triumph
for the environmentalist movement.
Weatherman A group that branched off of the SDS; advocated terrorism in the US to stop
another Vietnam from happening; name came from Bob Dylan lyrics "don't need a
weatherman to know which way the wind blows"; dwindle away after 4 of them die in an
explosion in Greenwich Village