The reader is filled with total cynicism after reading 1984. Do you agree? In his novel ‘1984’, George Orwell describes a terrifying vision of a totalitarian future in which everything and everyone is slave to a tyrannical regime. The citizens of Oceania are ruled by fear, brainwashed by propaganda, constantly being watched, have no rights and certainly no freedom of expression. The amount of power Ingsoc has on its people is so great that people in the society don’t even possess the ability to think on their own. By illustrating the totalitarian government of ‘1984’, George Orwell positions readers to fear the dreadful potential of a corrupt and selfish government and the elimination of identity that ensues. Readers are filled with total cynicism after reading ‘1984’ as they realize that no hope remains for the citizens of Oceania as Winston is defeated in the denouement of the novel. The Party barrages its subjects with psychological stimuli designed to overwhelm the mind’s capacity for independent thought. The giant telescreen in every citizen’s room blasts a constant stream of propaganda designed to make the failures and shortcomings of the Party appear to be triumphant successes. The telescreens also monitor behavior—everywhere they go, citizens are continuously reminded, especially by means of the omnipresent signs reading “BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU,” that the authorities are scrutinizing them. The Party undermines family structure by inducting children into an organization called the Junior Spies, which brainwashes and encourages them to spy on their parents and report any instance of disloyalty to the Party. “In the end the Party would announce that two and two makes five and you would have to believe it.” These lines play into the theme of psychological manipulation. In this case, Winston considers the Party’s exploitation of its fearful subjects as a means to suppress the intellectual notion of objective reality. Readers admire Winston for being an individual and one of the only characters who dare to oppose Big Brother. Readers become privy to Winston’s rebellious behavior against the party when he writes in his diary “DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER”. By writing these words in his diary, Winston is sealing his own death warrant and it is made obvious to readers that Winston is bound to be caught by the Party sooner or later. Because Winston is fatalistic, knowing that he will be shot “in the back of the neck”, readers comprehend the awful inevitability of his arrest and death. However, readers put all their faith and hope in Winston as they realize that he is the only person who has the chance to remain as an individual and continue to believe what he believes in. Early in the novel, Winston writes that “Freedom is the freedom to say that two plus two makes four.” The motif comes full circle at the end of the novel. After the torture Winston suffers in the Ministry of Love which breaks his soul; he sits at the Chestnut Tree Café and traces “2 + 2 = 5” in the dust on his table. By tracing “2+2=5” in the end, Winston’s body and soul is completely taken over by the Party and he is destroyed from within. Readers now lose the admiration that they once had for Winston as we realize that ‘our hero’ is defeated. Readers are filled with total cynicism after knowing that the person in whom we put our faith in is defeated. We realize that there is no hope of breaking free from the totalitarian government that Orwell vividly describes and is left with a feeling of helplessness and pessimism. In addition to manipulating their minds, the Party also controls the bodies of its subjects. The Party constantly watches for any sign of disloyalty,…
March 10th, 2015
Over time, there have been many different versions of dystopian fiction. Some of the most popular examples include; Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, The Time Machine by H. G. Wells, and of course, 1984 by George Orwell. Dystopian fiction It has been characterized as a type of literature that consists of an imaginary place or condition in which everything that could go wrong, goes wrong (Oxford Dictionary…
everything he could to rescue the girl.
9. Meritorious actions should be recognized.
10. The treachery made the girl hesitant to trust others.
Prompt 1: You may never have considered history to be as important as it appears to be in 1984. Why does the government make efforts to control history in the novel?
The government in 1984 tries to control history because if the people in the society didn't know about the past they aren't able to go against the government. This allows the…
There are many similarities and differences between the dystopian society of 1984, and
our own today. While The United States is a long way from a totalitarianism style government
that controls everything down to the thought of an individual, there are many things George
Orwell wasn’t to far from correct about.
Totalitarianism is a prominent theme throughout 1984, with the government controlling
everything. The world is a very different place with the government watching…
1984 Mini Essay
The way O’Brien breaks Smith is the combination of most if not all the Party’s methods of control. Discuss.
O’Brien breaks Smith with a combination of the Party’s methods of control, however he also tortures Winston with techniques that are definitely against the Party’s morals. O’Brien uses Winston’s fears against him, which include loosing Julia and Rats. O’Brien also gives Winston absolutely no freedom whilst he is in the Ministry of Love. Saying that however, one of the Party’s…
July 9, 2009
Is Their World Really That Different?
1984 by George Orwell is a novel consisting of a world controlled by a higher power. A world where people live in constant fear of doing or saying something wrong and thoughts can be incriminating. Thoughts of impurity result in disappearance and people are constantly being watched and observed without knowing. Telescreens are everywhere and could constantly be watching every facial expression, abnormal…
works, 1984 and Politics and The English Language, it is clear that Orwell is using his writing to bring awareness to the dangers of the manipulation, misuse, and decline of language. In 1984 he demonstrates how language can be used to control thought and manipulate the past. This is proven throughout the novel by examining the language of Newspeak and how it is key to controlling the totalitarian state, and how using language to alter and manipulate history can shape reality. In his essay Politics…
Presented by Samantha Stewart
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Born in 1903, Bengal, India, Eric Arthur
Blair, later known as George Orwell, was
destined to become known as one of the
most influential author’s of his time.
George Orwell spent the earliest days of his
life in India, where his father was stationed.
One year after his birth, his mother moved
him and his older sister, Marjorie, to
Henley-on-Thames, England. At the age of
four, he began composing his first poem.
His first success…
warmongering muck that our left-wingers were spilling at that time” (1970, p. 289). His conclusion was that intellectuals in general, and Britain’s socialist movement in particular, were being seduced by totalitarian ideas and models.
Orwell later wrote an essay, Looking Back on the Spanish War, recounting with horror (and with hindsight) the depths to which the truth suffered in wartime reportage within the British press: “I saw great battles reported where there had been no fighting, and complete silence…
Science Fiction Essay
Two classic novels, 1984 written by George Orwell and Brave New World penned by Aldous Huxley both possess similar topics and themes. In both novels societies are striving for a utopia, or a perfect society. These novels also take place in societies with versions of totalitarian governments, which is a government that rules by coercion. Not only are the topics similar, but in both novels a rebellious character is the protagonist; Winston Smith from 1984 and John the Savage…
1984: Government's Attempt to Control The Mind and Bodies of Its Citizens
The novel Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell is an American classic which
explores the human mind when it comes to power, corruption, control, and the
ultimate utopian society. Orwell indirectly proposes that power given to the
government will ultimately become corrupt and they will attempt to force all to
conform to their one set standard. He also sets forth the idea that the
corrupted government will attempt to…