The reader is filled with total cynicism after reading 1984. Do you agree? In his novel ‘1984’, George Orwell describes a terrifying vision of a totalitarian future in which everything and everyone is slave to a tyrannical regime. The citizens of Oceania are ruled by fear, brainwashed by propaganda, constantly being watched, have no rights and certainly no freedom of expression. The amount of power Ingsoc has on its people is so great that people in the society don’t even possess the ability to think on their own. By illustrating the totalitarian government of ‘1984’, George Orwell positions readers to fear the dreadful potential of a corrupt and selfish government and the elimination of identity that ensues. Readers are filled with total cynicism after reading ‘1984’ as they realize that no hope remains for the citizens of Oceania as Winston is defeated in the denouement of the novel. The Party barrages its subjects with psychological stimuli designed to overwhelm the mind’s capacity for independent thought. The giant telescreen in every citizen’s room blasts a constant stream of propaganda designed to make the failures and shortcomings of the Party appear to be triumphant successes. The telescreens also monitor behavior—everywhere they go, citizens are continuously reminded, especially by means of the omnipresent signs reading “BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU,” that the authorities are scrutinizing them. The Party undermines family structure by inducting children into an organization called the Junior Spies, which brainwashes and encourages them to spy on their parents and report any instance of disloyalty to the Party. “In the end the Party would announce that two and two makes five and you would have to believe it.” These lines play into the theme of psychological manipulation. In this case, Winston considers the Party’s exploitation of its fearful subjects as a means to suppress the intellectual notion of objective reality. Readers admire Winston for being an individual and one of the only characters who dare to oppose Big Brother. Readers become privy to Winston’s rebellious behavior against the party when he writes in his diary “DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER”. By writing these words in his diary, Winston is sealing his own death warrant and it is made obvious to readers that Winston is bound to be caught by the Party sooner or later. Because Winston is fatalistic, knowing that he will be shot “in the back of the neck”, readers comprehend the awful inevitability of his arrest and death. However, readers put all their faith and hope in Winston as they realize that he is the only person who has the chance to remain as an individual and continue to believe what he believes in. Early in the novel, Winston writes that “Freedom is the freedom to say that two plus two makes four.” The motif comes full circle at the end of the novel. After the torture Winston suffers in the Ministry of Love which breaks his soul; he sits at the Chestnut Tree Café and traces “2 + 2 = 5” in the dust on his table. By tracing “2+2=5” in the end, Winston’s body and soul is completely taken over by the Party and he is destroyed from within. Readers now lose the admiration that they once had for Winston as we realize that ‘our hero’ is defeated. Readers are filled with total cynicism after knowing that the person in whom we put our faith in is defeated. We realize that there is no hope of breaking free from the totalitarian government that Orwell vividly describes and is left with a feeling of helplessness and pessimism. In addition to manipulating their minds, the Party also controls the bodies of its subjects. The Party constantly watches for any sign of disloyalty,…
There are many similarities and differences between the dystopian society of 1984, and
our own today. While The United States is a long way from a totalitarianism style government
that controls everything down to the thought of an individual, there are many things George
Orwell wasn’t to far from correct about.
Totalitarianism is a prominent theme throughout 1984, with the government controlling
everything. The world is a very different place with the government watching…
English 10 Seminar-3
22 October 2013
Irony of Orwell’s Novel, 1984
Even though Orwell’s dystopian novel, 198,4 was written in the late 40’s, the resemblance of their privacy, perpetual war and altered language methods seem to resemble modern day society. Orwell’s famous novel relates to our present day world in various ways. Based on many different circumstances, it remains hard to distinguish what Orwell’s true purpose was for writing this book. The thought…
Secrets Have Consequences
In George Orwell’s 1984, the main characters Winston Smith and Julia learn that one lie or secret can accumulate into many lies or secrets and affects not only themselves, but everyone around them. In the beginning Winston and Julia question the Party’s activity, but fear to even think or say aloud how they feel about the Party’s actions. They begin to constantly lie and accumulate secrets which inevitably backs Winston and Julia into a corner, and leaves them with no…
Government Manipulation in 1984
Nearly every aspect of the society in 1984 by George Orwell was controlled by The Government. The citizens of Oceania were physically controlled and confined to eating and drinking only certain things, living in designated areas, and participating in regulated activities. As physical control was relatively easy to establish using force, The Government also had full mental control over the people. This was accomplished through the regulation of media, music, poetry…
everything he could to rescue the girl.
9. Meritorious actions should be recognized.
10. The treachery made the girl hesitant to trust others.
Prompt 1: You may never have considered history to be as important as it appears to be in 1984. Why does the government make efforts to control history in the novel?
The government in 1984 tries to control history because if the people in the society didn't know about the past they aren't able to go against the government. This allows the…
1984 George Orwell
Winston changes dramatically throughout the novel. At the beginning, he is trying to survive in his society, but all the while doubtful, questioning, and hateful towards the powers that ran it. He knew things weren't right, but didn't quite know how. He knew that he couldn't be the only one that hated the party, but felt hopeless that he could connect with anyone else. He was confused and struggling.
As time passes, and he meets Julia, his confidence in his own mind and rebellion…
Winston, truly a Rebel in 1984
Every government in the world has a unique way to maintain and protect power, even though some of them are extreme and cruel. A rebel is someone who refuses allegiance to, resists, or rises in arms against a government. (DC). Once people are not satisfied with their government and seek changes, rebels are likely to surface among these people. In George Orwell’s novel, 1984, the society is described where the government has no limits to its power and controls every…
Rebels of the Party
In the book 1984 by George Orwell, a new world order has been introduced. The book revolves around a member of the Outer Party of Oceania, Winston Smith. In the year 1984, the world is divided among 3 sections, Oceania, Eurasia and Eastasia. Oceania is split into 3 classes, the Inner Party as the upper class, the Outer Party being the middle, and the proles being the lowest. The Party is the government of Oceania, it controls everything, it sees everything and it is everything…
March 10th, 2015
Over time, there have been many different versions of dystopian fiction. Some of the most popular examples include; Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, The Time Machine by H. G. Wells, and of course, 1984 by George Orwell. Dystopian fiction It has been characterized as a type of literature that consists of an imaginary place or condition in which everything that could go wrong, goes wrong (Oxford Dictionary…