The Indus Valley Civilization
1. So what is a civilization? Well, diagnosing a civilization is a little like diagnosing an illness. If you have four or more of the following symptoms, you might be a civilization.
_________ ____________. Once one person can make enough food to feed several people, it becomes possible to build a ______, another symptom of civilization.
It also leads to the _____________ ___ __________, which in turn leads to _____________.
Civilizations are also usually associated with _____________ stratification, _____________ government, shared values, generally in the form of _____________, and writing.
And at least in the early days, they were almost always associated with _____________. Because they’re flat, they’re well watered, and when they flood, they deposit nutrient-rich _________.
2. The Indus Valley Civilization was located in the flood plain of the Indus and Sarawati rivers, and it was about the best place in the world to have an ancient civilization because the rivers flooded very reliably _________ a year.
3. We know the Indus Valley Civilization flourished around 3000 BCE and they were trading with _____________ as early as 3500 BCE. We also know that it was the largest of the ancient civilizations. Archaeologists have discovered more than _______ sites.
4. Everything we know about the Indus Valley Civilization comes from archaeology, because while they did use _____________ _____________, we don’t know how to read it.
5. So here’s what we know, they had amazing cities. _____________ and Mohenjo Daro are the best known, with dense, multi-story homes constructed out of _____________ sized bricks along perpendicular streets. This means they must have had some form of _____________ and _____________, but we don’t know what gave this government its authority.
6. Cities were oriented to catch the _____________ and provide a natural form of air conditioning. And they were clean. Most homes were connected to a centralized _____________ system that used gravity to carry waste and water out of the city in big sewer ditches that ran under the main avenues, a plumbing system that would have been the envy of many 18th century European cities.
7. In Mohenjo Daro, the largest public building was not a temple or a palace, but a _____________ _____________, which historians call the Great Bath. We don’t know what the great bath was used for, but since later Indian culture placed a huge emphasis on _____________ _____________, which is the basis for the caste system, some historians have speculated that the bath might have been like a giant baptismal pool.
8. Also, they traded. One of the coolest things that the Indus Valley