1.2 Explain why, traditionally, people with disabilities have been discouraged or prevented from taking risks People with learning disabilities where sheltered from taking risks as it wasn’t believed that they would be able to accomplish things or it was too dangerous to subject them to risks. People with learning disabilities also didn’t have choices on how their lives where lived people in their lives made choices for them and didn’t take in account of the actual persons ideas or choices to take risk to accomplish things for themselves. 1.3 Describe the links between risk-taking and responsibility, empowerment and social inclusion The link is offering individuals the opportunity to achieve their goals and dreams of their own choice which empowers the individuals. The person in the support role is responsible for identifying the risks and hazards that come with the chosen activity and decided how the risks could be reduced or the activity adapted to make it less hazardous.
2.1 Positive Person centred means from the individual's point of view ie what they want not what we think they need. A person centred risk assessment would include listening to what the individual wants to do and how they want to do it, providing them with information about the risks so that they can make an informed decision and providing them with positive support when they make their decision. It could also include providing advice if asked.
A person centred approach seeks to focus on people's rights to have the lifestyle that they chose, including the right to make 'bad' decisions. Person Centred Approaches; keeping the person at the centre, treating family and friends as partners, a focus on what is important to the person, an intent to build connections with the community, being prepared to go beyond conventional service options, and continuing to listen and learn with the person. 2.2Explain how to apply the principles and methods of a person.
2.2 We need to involve the service user(s) in any Risk Assessment that concerns or is about them.
Person-centred planning (PCP) is a set of approaches designed to assist someone to plan their life and supports. It is used most often as a life planning model to enable individuals with disabilities or otherwise requiring support to increase their personal self-determination and improve their own independence.Person Centred Planning discovers and acts on what is important to a person. It is a process for continual listening and learning, focussing on what are important to someone now and in the future, and acting on this in alliance with their family and their friends
2.3 A service focused risk assessment would make decisions that suit the service provider rather than the service user ie be person centred. It could be that the service provider would need to provide resources or change staff rotas etc in order to support the individual to do the things that they want to do so they emphasise what can't be done rather than what can.
2.4 If a setting decided what risks an individual could take the individual would not feel great? This is because the setting give the individual more freedom in risk taking or do you think the would be more likely to limit risks to be on the safe side and to avoid having to provide resources.
A service focused risk assessment would