Abnormal psychology is yet to have been defined in absolute terms. The general accepted terms are the four d’s. The first is deviant, which refers to different or extreme abnormalities. Distressing, this can be unpleasant and/or upsetting to a person with a psychological abnormality. Lastly, dysfunctional inability to preform daily tasks due to abnormalities and being dangerous. Psychological norms are considered to have rules for social and individual thought ideas and activity. The acceptable norms are considered to be when followed to be norm. If the norms are broken it is considered to be abnormal. Society’s norms grow from a majority of the people who follow the same set of rules, values, habits, and skills in abnormal phycology. These norms would not be followed but broken abnormal thoughts are judged by circumstance. For example, if a person is depressed due to a divorce it would be normal. If a person is depressed due to a friendly greeting with no other rational explanation, then the depression would be considered abnormal. The psychodynamic and humanistic approach to the problem should be with care instead of critically because it is more effective. If in abnormal psychology, the free word associates can bring a better understanding of what points of view are due to the insight of the problem in normal psychology. The problem can be an emotional one that steams from a relationship in abnormal psychology. The problem can also be of a chemical imbalance that will show that the thoughts are deluded or delusional. Free associates can show where the problem lies in abnormal psychology, and the problem can be one that is an answer that is based on an irrational association and normal psychology and would show a rational connection, but sometimes a connection that is not conscious for the patient. The unconscious thought process is the key to finding the root of the problem if the person is in a state of mind that causes problems.
Abnormal and normal psychology is alike because they both deal with a behavior which reflects on the cultural backgrounds and beliefs as to which behaviors are normal. They are also very different if a behavior is not typical or out the ordinary. Understanding the difference between normal and abnormal psychology helps to recognize different mental disorders from a psychological perspective.
“Depression is a low, sad state in which life seems dark and its challenges overwhelming” (Comer, 2012, pg. 193). “Mania, the opposite of depression, is a state of breathless euphoria, or at least frenzied energy, in which people may have an exaggerated belief that the world is theirs for the taking” (Comer, 2012, pg.193). Depression would be characterized as a mood disorder which is described as disturbances of normal behavior, notably depressed, mania, and or alternating periods in each (Kowalski & Westen, 2011) . Getting out of bed every morning can become difficult for individuals who suffer from depression. For some who suffer from depression they may never experience episodes of mania. They experience lack of happiness the inability to wake up and do everyday tasks like going to work or even cleaning the house. Having the right diagnosis can result in a full recovery and having the ability to have a normal life without the feelings of depression.
The symptoms often differ from each individual and for some they are more severe. The emotional unstableness of an individual who is experiencing symptoms of depression often feel empty and find it hard to experience happiness. They often lack motivation to go out with friends or even have the energy to go to work and deal with daily tasks that for most people would come more easily. Those who suffer from depression tend to have more of a negative outlook on things and often blame themselves. Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil, Luvox, Remeron are different types of drugs used to treat different types of depression which are considered to be selective
Essentials of Abnormal Psychology
Chapter 2 Summary
A psychological disorder is the control or any dysfunction of the individual. These psychological disorders can be associated with the stress or impairment. The psychological disorder is seen in individuals that have behaviors or dysfunctions that identifies of the essence of abnormality (Durand & Barlow, 2010). To identify that the person has psychological disorder,…
The field of abnormal psychology encompasses disorders including: disorders diagnosed in infancy and childhood; emotional and affective disorders such as depression, anxiety and bipolar; personality disorders, eating disorders, sexual identity disorders and substance abuse disorders among others. The DSM-V and ICD-10 are the most widely used systems for categorizing and describing mental health disorders encapsulated within abnormal psychology.
In looking at disorders first diagnosed in childhood…
Diagnosis of a psychological disorder is applied when the symptoms have a substantial effect on one’s life.
Abnormal psychology is the subfield of psychology that studies the causes and progression of psychological disorders; it’s also known as psychopathology.
4 D’s: Distress, Dysfunction, Dangerousness, and Deviance.
The four elements: distress, impairment, risk of harm, and deviance. Do not all need to be present if one or two of the elements are severe enough to warrant a diagnosis of…
I. What are Psychological Disorders?
A. Family members, classmates, and strangers behave in a variety of ways.
B. Identifying Abnormal Behavior
1. Something that is abnormal deviates from a standard or norm.
C. Perspectives on Mental Illness
1. The diagnosis of a psychological disorder sometimes carries with it a stigma or social disgrace.
2. People who suffer from a mental illness are sometimes considered weak by their peers.
3. The etiology…
PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology
Instructor Edward Fischer
Peter was born and grew up in Lincoln. He has one sister. Peter has very good memories of his childhood, although his mother suffered from bad health conditions, which led to her death when Peter was sixteen years old. Peter remained close to his father, whom he keeps visiting on a regular basis. His father is now a retired man in his eighties. Peter is twenty-five years old. He is…
Abnormal Psychology and Therapy
August 12, 2013
Ms. Karen Croley
Abnormal Psychology and Therapy
For many decades’ scientists, psychologists and biologists have been trying to understand human behavior. It is important to avoid looking for a single cause of a behavior or event. The psychological experiences of humans lie at the intersection of biology and culture. “At the intersection of biology and culture lies psychology, the scientific investigation of mental processes…
Abnormal psychology studies, analyzes, explains abnormal behavior, and looks at the nature of psychopathology. Normal and abnormal psychology is just different ways of looking at one’s mental state, and finding reasoning for one’s actions or behaviors. Understanding and explaining the context in which the abnormality occurs, and abnormal behavior is profoundly influenced by demographic context categories such as gender, age, class, and culture (Hansell & Damour, 2008). Abnormal…
Psychology – “if it is difficult to define atypical behaviour, where does this leave the field of abnormal psychology?”
The fact that it is difficult to define atypical behaviour makes it difficult to define the psychological word ‘abnormal’, due to extremely varied human behaviour it is difficult to assess whether a person’s behaviour can be categorised as ‘abnormal’ or ‘normal’ as we all have different perceptions of what these two things are. This also raises the question on whether these words…
Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder where a person loses contact with the environment, they will have noticeable deterioration in their everyday life, and they may have delusions and hallucinations or withdraw into their own private world. A person with schizophrenia may have been able to function well; they may deteriorate into isolation, unreal perceptions and have very disturbed thoughts and emotions they can also have unusual motor behavior. People who develop schizophrenia experience psychosis…
One of the key issues in the Psychology of Abnormal Behaviour is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, also known as OCD. OCD is a mental health condition where you will have obsessive thoughts and behaviours (Martin, Carlson & Buskist, 2007). It is estimated that 3% of the UK population have the condition although some may not even be aware they suffer from it. People who suffer from OCD will have persistent thoughts until a task is carried out to reduce anxiety levels (Comer, 2004)…