Essay on American Art Movements

Submitted By deardjcaldwell
Words: 646
Pages: 3

In the words of ancient Grecian philosopher Aristotle, "The aim of art is to represent not the outward appearance of things, but their inward significance." No art movement has challenged the way an audience perceives art quite the way the Pop Art movement in the 1950s and 1960s has. In conjunction, few genres of art have had the significant and resounding effects that Pop Art has had. In post World War II America, a myriad of New York artists including but not limited to Jackson Pollock, Jasper Johns, and perhaps most notorious, Andy Warhol drew America's attention from the booming economy and a growing industrial and manufacturing through the element of surprise. Like many other art movements, Pop art was in part a reaction to the status quo. Prior to Pop art, Abstract Expressionism was the leading art genre and while it was praised and commended by avid art lovers and critics, it failed to “click” with the general public. The more conceptual and suggestive Abstract Expressionism became, the larger the opportunity came for a new technique, which utilized more figurative and realistic imagery. However unlike earlier art movements, Pop art was separate from the pack in its actual art. American Pop art was unprecedented due to its relationship with American Industry. Early Pop artists in New York like Jasper Johns were opening up a whole new category of subject matter, such as targets, various flags, or his sculptures of beer cans; all of these subjects seemed to coincide with the industrial and surge America was experiencing at the time following World War 2. Influential and notorious New York City artist Andy Warhol also heavily shaped the Pop art movement. Arguably the most famous American artist, Andy Warhol used an assortment of techniques (though he primarily used silk-screening.) Whether it was an enormous silkscreened painting of a Campbell’s soup can or a mural of Marilyn Monroe, Warhol made a name for himself by taking ordinary (and sometimes not so ordinary) American objects and making them iconic. In 1962, Andy rented a building at 231 East 47th Street, in mid-town Manhattan and quickly become known as “The Factory.” The “Factory” would eventually become an epicenter Pop art and a gathering place for friends and artists alike. In addition, Warhol would film many of his (often silent) groundbreaking short films that would define a generation and the Pop art movement such as “Poor Little Rich Girl” and “Vinyl,” both of which starring Warhol’s close friend at the time Edie