Cultural landscape – the visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape.
Signs – a gesture or action that passes on information.
Symbols – designs that stand for other things or ideas.
Components of a culture – traits that coincide with a tradition.
Cultural synthesis – two or more cultures merge over time.
Culture Group – the sum of attitudes, customs, and beliefs that distinguishes one group of people from another.
Built Environment – the human made surroundings that provide the setting for human activity.
Architectural forms – designs and traits of architecture of a certain area.
Modern Architecture – overarching movement in architecture.
Contemporary architecture – architecture of the present day.
Traditional architecture – architecture of the past.
Postmodern – coming later than that which is modern.
Green energy – energy that is renewable, through an apparatus that we can use it like solar panels.
Recycled materials – new objects that were made from previous items. Eg. Pens and toothbrushes made from yogurt containers and plastic containers.
Commercial buildings – a building that is not used for living purposes, like an office or a warehouse.
Housing – structures or buildings where people live, cook food, etc.
Folk house – building styles that are particular to the culture of the people who have long inhabited the area.
Traditional housing style – housing styles of the past, original designs.
New England Style –
Cape Cod –
Salt Box –
Federalist (Georgian) Style –
I – house –
Relocation diffusion – people are relocated to different areas, diffuse their culture while also being influenced by that new areas culture.
Christian buildings –
Hindu buildings -
Buddhist buildings -
Stupa – a dome shaped structure as a Buddhist shrine.
Pagoda – a Hindu or Buddhist temple or sacred building, typically a many-tiered tower, in India and East Asia.
Islamic Buildings –
Minarets – a tall slender tower, typically, part of a mosque.
Judaic Buildings -
Wailing wall – a wall in Jerusalem where Jews pray on certain occasions.
Official languages – languages that are spoken firsthand by a country.
Monolingual – speaking one language.
Multilingual – speaking multiple languages.
Linguistic region – a geographical area in which several languages sharing common features are spoken.
Dialect – a variation of a language, or an accent.
Word sounds – an onomatopoeia.
Vocabulary – the body of words used in a particular language.
Received pronunciation – regarded as the standard accent of Standard English in the UK.
Cockney – a native of East London.
Cockney rhyming slang – a form of English slang, originated in the East End of London.
Pidgin – a temporary, unofficial language created “on the spot” for the sake of the conversation’s understanding.
French Creole – The language (combination) of the colonial settlers in Louisiana.
Patois – the dialect of the common people of a region, differing in various aspects from the standard language of the rest of the country.
Lingua franca – an internationally spoken language.
English – Germanic background, standard language.
Global lingua franca – language that takes on global adaptation, spoken all over the world.
Language families – a group of languages related through descent from a common ancestor.
Language groups – categories that language families are put into.
Language subfamilies – more specific branches of language families.
Prehistoric migrations – relies mainly on archaeological data, how the human being came to be/migration.
Hearth – the origin of something, like a language.
Anatolian theory – proposes that the dispersal of Proto-Indo-Europeans originated in Neolithic Anatolia.
Hellespont – the strait between European and Asian Turkey, connecting the Aegean Sea with the Sea of Marmara.
Kurgan theory – another proposal concerning the origin of the Indo-Europeans.
Eurasian steppe – the vast steppe ecoregion of Eurasia in the…