Essay 5-A The Civil War in the US took place from 1861 to 1865. Many Americans lost their lives, but in the end, America was finally united. The United States was finally a single nation instead a company of states with their own establishments. The United States had many problems that led to the Civil War. One of the main causes for war was the social and economic differences between the North and the South. The South was basically a one crop economy because of the invention of the cotton gin. They were very dependent on cotton, and the cotton farming depended upon slavery. On the other hand, the North’s economy was based on industry. They would take the cotton and turn it into finished goods. The gap between them set up very different economic views and attitudes. Northern lifestyle evolved around city life in which people evolved in different cultures, while the South stayed old-fashioned socially. Two groups emerged in the United States before the Civil War. One group was for states’ rights while the other favored federal rights. This division within the country would prove to be a major factor for the Civil War. The Articles of Confederation was the first government in the U.S. and was weak for the federal government. As many problems arose from the Articles, some leaders decided to meet “in secret” to create the U.S. constitution. Many people believed that this constitution set aside state rights to continue to act alone. They believed that they should have the right to deny federal acts that they did not want. This lead to the idea of nullification that stated, the states had the right to rule a federal act as unconstitutional. However, the federal government denied this right for states and led to people like John C. Calhoun to fight strongly for nullification. As nullification continued to fail, they started to feel as if states were no longer respected so they moved toward secession. Slavery became the most prominent cause for the Civil War. As the U.S. began to grow from things like the Louisiana Purchase and the Mexican War, the question of whether these new states would be slave states became very controversy. The Missouri Compromise had prohibited slavery in the new states acquired by the Louisiana Purchase, except for Missouri. Also, in the Mexican War, people began to scuffle about the new land they assumed they would acquire after victory. A man by the name of David Wilmot in 1846 proposed the Wilmot Proviso that would ban slavery in these new lands. As a result, the Compromise of 1850 stated whether a state was a “slave state” or a “free state”. One of the five bills in the compromise was the Fugitive Slave Act. This became very controversial because many northerners saw it as unconstitutional. However, an even more major issue had taken place in Kansas. Pro-Slavery Missourians came into Kansas to help force it to become a slave state. The fighting of the people in Lawrence, Kansas became known as “Bleeding Kansas.” The fight got very malicious and an anti-slavery proponent was beat on his head by a senator! The Abolitionist Movement was vastly growing in America during this time. Many Northerners began to grow against the idea of slavery. Sympathy had begun to expand for the Abolitionist and against slaveholders. Many of these feelings came after the all famous Novel, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, by Harriet Beecher Stowe. Also, the Dred Scott Case, along with the Fugitive Slave Act had an immense impact on Northerner’s views toward slavery and its cruelty. The final straw was the election of the great Abraham Lincoln. He acted upon his beliefs that all men should be free, which would lead to the Civil War.
In 1848, the Mexican War had ended, giving the United States the territories, California, Utah, Nevada, Arizona and New Mexico. It expanded the United States westward, but had brought upon a problem to America. They did not know
The Civil war and the period of reconstruction brought great social, political, and economic changes to the United States. The effects of these changes continued into the 20th century. The civil war was great turning point for African Americans freedom from slavery and uniting the states as once again bringing good and bad changes. Also the period of reconstruction brought political, social, and economic changes to the U.S. As we discuss in the essay how the civil war affected the United…
“Why is the Civil War Considered as the First Modern War” Essay
The American Civil War or quite simply the Civil War as it is known to many Americans, is regarded as America’s bloodiest war, claiming more lives than any other war in American history. It is a war that shook the constitutions of America by its roots and helped shape America into the nation it is today. Many people have questions they would like answered about the war, for instance, why was it considered as the first…
October 27, 2010
Chapter 11 Essay – The Bloodiest War of All Time
During the American Civil War over 600,000 men died during within the four years of war. Soldiers from both sides of war suffered the same. Many of the casualties of the Civil War were not caused from injuries during battles or even death on the battle fields. Even with new technology, more soldiers died from disease, or not having the correct treatment. Medicines used during the Civil War were not ideal for fixing a medical…
The American Civil War: Essay: Was the south justified in succeeding away from the Union???
By: Elina Morrison, Partner: Emma Hoovrud
In the spring of 1861, decades of simmering tensions between the northern and southern United States over issues including states' rights versus federal authority, westward expansion and slavery exploded into the American Civil War (1861-65). The election of the anti-slavery Republican Abraham Lincoln as president in 1860 caused seven southern states to secede from…
civil war essay
During the Pre-Civil War years the lives of free Blacks in the United States were filled with thoughts of freedom and also with the effects of slavery. By the mid to late 19th century there were distinct characteristics between the communities of free Blacks in the northern or free states and the communities in the upper and lower southern states. The life of free Blacks during the Pre-Civil War years can best be understood from this regional perspective. Each region had its own…
The Civil War in the US took place from 1861 to 1865. Many Americans lost their lives, but in the end, America was finally united. The United States was finally a single nation instead a company of states with their own establishments.
The United States had many problems that led to the Civil War. One of the main causes for war was the social and economic differences between the North and the South. The South was basically a one crop economy because of the invention of the cotton gin…
moment Americans found themselves pulled
into a civil war of unimaginable scale and consequence, they tried
desperately to make sense of what was happening to them. From the
secession crisis into the maelstrom of battle, from the nightmare
of slavery into the twilight of emancipation, Americans of all
backgrounds confronted the chaos with stories to explain how things
had come to be. People continued to tell themselves those stories
about the war and its meaning for the next century and a half…
There are many significant events that have shaped America as we know it today. The most important event in early American history is the Civil War. The Civil War had a significant economic, political, and social implication. The Civil war of 1861-1865 determined what kind of nation we were.
The Civil War started because of uncompromising differences between the free and slave states over the power of the national government to prohibit slavery in the territories that had not yet become states…
The Civil War
The American Civil War, fought between the North and South during the years 1861~1865, was the must brutal war in American history. Over 600,000 Americans died in this struggle, which was fought because the nation could not peacefully settle the social, political, and economical issues. This issue simmered for many years and many laws were enacted as compromises to prevent the Civil War, but by the 1850s, things were coming to a head. The sparks that ignited the two sides into an…
The Civil War
HIS 102 / Spring Quarter
The Civil War
During the Civil War, the North had many advantages over the South. The South was outnumbered, out supplied, and pushed into a corner using military tactics. Many things changed because of the Civil War. The military tactics used by the North changed how the war was fought. Many changes were made politically; some were only temporary, while others were permanent. After the war was over, the country was reunited and…