This week’s topic of Inductive Arguments presents the notion that inductive reasoning generates broad arguments and conclusions from specific situations. Unlike Deductive reasoning, Inductive reasoning does not give us any certainty that a conclusion will be true. The three concepts of Inductive Arguments that I found most interesting and helped me to think more effectively are: the importance of statistical principles, Mills’ Analysis of Cause and Effect and the notion of multiple causes. The importance of statistical principles in Inductive reasoning is defined by our need to make predictions about the future and to create a sense of control over specific circumstances in our lives. With statistical generalizations it is possible to forecast the weather, create Q scores for the media, target consumers, and to predict the result of elections. That is, when an inductive argument is based on sufficient evidence and it takes in consideration the size of the population, it can avoid the bad results of a hasty generalization. This concept helped me to understanding how statistical generalizations help to understand and predict social behaviors. I apply this in my daily interactions in a practical way, that is to apply inductive reasoning in order to make the right decision when it comes to managing my time more efficiently, and specific business dealings. When I make decisions “by the numbers” rather than just gut instinct, I am able to be more confident in how my decisions will produce desired outcomes. Another important concept is Mill’s Analysis of Cause and Effect, Mill created methods to analyze a situation and discover a cause between its elements. There is the method of agreement in which one circumstance must be present in order to cause another. In the method of difference the opposite occurs and different results usually present different causes. Using these two similar, yet distinctly unique in purpose, allows a double-checking of how actions will enact desired changes. When used in conjunction together the effects include higher certainty and a doubly clear perspective on how cause and effect. Seeing the cause as a direct correlation with the effect allows for better simulations of the future, which
• Job satisfaction: pleasureable emotional state resulting from the appraisal of one's job or job
experiences -- how you feel about your job and what you think about your job
• Employees with high job satisfaction experience positive feelings when they think about their duties or
take part in task activities
• Employees with low job satisfaction experience negative feelings when they think about their duties or
take part in their task activities
chapter iCh. 4: This chapter is all about cells make and use energy.
4.4 – A chapter about cellular energy is really about the unit of energy that cells use: Adenine tri-phosphate (ATP). This molecules is really similar in makeup to a nucleotide. Figure 4-8 shows how ATP can be used over and over again. All of the energy is stored in on phosphate chemical bond, so you break it off to get the energy and put it back on again to store energy.
Technical terms to know: ATP, ADP.
4.5-4.10 – All…
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
4.1. Trans-esterification of WCO with methanol
4.1.1. Effect of the variation in quantity of alcohol (methanol) upon
the yield of bio-diesel.
The methanol-to-oil ratio is one of the important factors that affect the conversion of triglyceride to Fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) i.e. the yield of Bio-diesel. In Trans-esterification, three moles of methanol are required for each mole of triglyceride, but in practice, a higher molar ratio is required…
Your perceptions will have either sustained or undermined the happiness of your relationship
Social cognition – the process of perception and judgement with which we make sense of our social worlds
Concern = way we think about our relationships
Our perceptions and interpretations of our partnership are of enormous emportance
What we think helps determine how we:
Feel and then how we acts
Shouldn’t be a problem if our judgements were correct
Usually variety of ways to interpret an…
Chapter 4- Parliament law making process
Bill: A proposed law to be considered by parliament
Delegated legislation: Law making powers given by parliament to subordinate bodies.
Legislation: An act of Parliament or piece of delegated legislation
Legislative process: The process used by parliament to pass laws
Parliamentary counsel: A public servant responsible for drafting legislation at the request of a member of parliament (usually a minister)
Private members bill: A proposed law introduced…
Chapter 4 Critical & Creative Thinking Questions
January 26, 2015
Chapter 4 Critical & Creative Thinking Questions
1. Sensation and perception are closely linked. What is the central distinction between the two?
The central distinction between sensation and perception would be the sensation begins with specialized receptor cells located in our sense organs (eyes, ears, nose, tongue, skin, and internal body tissues). When these sense organs detect stimulus (light…
Chapter 4 Solutions, 2nd Day
Exercise 4-6 (15 minutes)
Units transferred to the next department
Work in process, ending:
50,000 units × 60% complete
Labor and overhead:
50,000 units × 20% complete
Equivalent units of production
Cost of beginning work in process
CHAPTER 4 NOTES
Cost-Volume-Profit analysis considers, individually and in combination, the effect(s) on profit of
Sales volume (activity)
Variable cost per unit
Total fixed cost
The contribution margin income statement (introduced in Chapter 3 if you need to refer back) can be expressed in total dollars, in dollars per unit (for sales and variable costs only), and also, as we’ll see a little further on, as a percent of sales (usually, but not always, for variable costs…
Write about some of the ways Fitzgerald tells the story in Chapter 4 of The Great Gatsby
The chapter opens with Nick hearing more rumours about Gatsby and that “he killed a man once”. This adds to the reader suspicion of Gatsby and where he got his money; it is still not been revealed, however it foreshadows Gatsby’s criminal connections with Wolfsheim who has been involved in murders. Fitzgerald uses this to show the corruption within the upper class in the 20’s when it came to wealth and…
1. Libel: this could happen if a worker or company makes a written statement that can be taken in a way that makes someone look bad
Slander: This can happen in the workplace in ways such as gossip that puts a negative light on an employee.
Negligence: This can happen if an employee or employer acts in an irresponsible way in which others may be harmed.
2. When a person has been judged to be responsible for a loss. When an employer does not do proper maintenance…