Others (concepts, religious sects, etc)
Hua Yen: Influences Neo-confuciamism, emphasis on relationship between one phenomenon and another. Everything in the universe is related to one another. Like different lakes that come from the same water. For example tress-labour- chemical- water-soil-tools used for making paper, one thing related to million of other things. Everything in the universe represents the same supreme MIND.
Wu/satori in Japanese: realization
Four noble truths: Suffering, cause of suffering, how to stop suffering
Lin-chi branch: Sudden Enlightenment (explained below)
Tsao-tung branch: Gradual Enlightenment (explained below)
Tripitaka is a collection of the teachings of the historical Buddha.
People and deities
Amitabha is a Buddhist name in the pure land. Most important thing is try to recite or chant Amitabha’s name. NAMO AMITABHA NAMO means to salute of Buddha Amitabha. The also emphasized meditation focused on Amithabha painting which brings happiness in pure land.
1) With 3 examples explain how Mahayana Buddhism develops Buddhist ideas and practices from early Buddhism.
Mahayana Buddhism emerged in the first century CE as a more liberal, accessible interpretation of Buddhism.
2) With 3 examples, explain the different ways to obtain the final liberation in Chinese sects?
Mahayana Buddhism: based on your own deeds and karma. To get rid of suffering the ideal state is “nirvana (state of mental achievement, peace, harmony and happiness).” You jump out of the cycle of birth and re birth. Mahayana emphasizes the enlightenment of all beings. The Mahayana ideal is to become a bodhisattva who strives to liberate all beings from the cycle of birth and death.
Pure Land: They believe in the place called “sukhavati” (paradise). If you save good karma, when you die, you will reform in the place call sukhavati.
Chan: They don not have nirvana they talk about enlightenment that comes from inside your self. Karma is not important you do not have to wait to die to get enlightenment. Enlightenment is institution.
The masters try to use something illogically and then certainly they realize the truth for example what is the sound of one hand clapping. The masters try to answer the question in an uncommon way
Shock Therapy (sudden enlightenment) you do not have to sit to do meditation enlightenment can happen anywhere. They believe in meditation but meditation is liberal.
Gradual Enlightenment: you have to do mediation step by step and through meditation you can discover the Buddha nature within you.
3) Compare the practices and beliefs of Tien-tai Buddhism and Chan Buddhism; explain the significances of their ways.
Chan Buddhism emphasizes naturalness and individual freedom. They do not worship Buddha’s image because it is against the natural way. They do not study Buddhist texts because they were created by someone else; not natural. Chan Buddhism aim at the discovery of reality in a being. This reality is also called the minel or Buddha nature. This kind of superior mind is in all beings and this reality can only be understood or discovered by intuition and instantly. In order to have intuition one should let the mind work freely, naturally and inspontaneously. Chan Buddhism not only created history but provided another way to practice Buddhism. The most important thing is practice within one self. It requires all the labor you need to work to eat food. Other Buddhist Monks depend on donation to survive whereas, Chan Buddhist bought land and changed it into tea garden and provided tea. They support themselves by labor. The significance of their way of life is that they do not have to depend on donors. Secondly, physical labor served as spirituality it promoted good health and spirituality. It helped people concur feelings like depression; you live happier.
4) Explain the religious syncretism between…