Comfort: Concept Analysis Concept analysis deals with the careful job of guiding clearness to the meaning of concepts used in science, according to McEwen, M., & Wills, E. (2010) in Nursing Theories and Nursing Practice. This paper will analyze the concept of comfort which comes from Katarine Kolcaba’s Comfort theory. Comfort is the state that is experienced automatically by receivers of comfort interventions. It involves the holistic experience of being strengthened through having comfort needs addressed as defined by McEwen and Wills (2010). Comfort is a key concept and central value of nursing. As stated by Tutton, E., & Seers, K. (2003), An exploration of the concept of comfort, comfort is defined as a state, linked to outcomes
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The second critiqued article chose for this review was by Kolcaba, K. (1991), A taxonomic structure for the concept comfort. This article defines comfort as ease (absence of difficulty), relief (patients experience of having particular need met), and transcendence (individual moves over situations or pain). Comfort is placed in four contexts: physical needs, psychospiritual, environment, and social. These types and context of comfort or placed in a taxonomic structure. The taxonomic structure is a map with information that was researched to provide the comfort need and wanted goals of comfort measures aimed towards needs. Kolcaba (2003) stated that the structure gives an evidence-based, conceptual road map that can be advanced: empirical guide for each side of comfort, a checklist, and measures to meet particular patient needs. This article is needed to show how using a grid can further the need to practice comfort and how it is a good tool to use.
The last article incorporated in this literature that was also critiqued is by Yousefi, H., Abedi, H., Yarmohammadian, M., & Elliott, D. (2009), Comfort as a basic need in hospitalized patients in Iran: a hermeneutic phenomenology study. The aim of this research article is explore comfort experiences of patients during their stay in the hospital on medical-surgical units in Iran. The sample size was used to recruit 16 patients and six intensive care and hemodialysis nurses who had experience in meeting