The second critiqued article chose for this review was by Kolcaba, K. (1991), A taxonomic structure for the concept comfort. This article defines comfort as ease (absence of difficulty), relief (patients experience of having particular need met), and transcendence (individual moves over situations or pain). Comfort is placed in four contexts: physical needs, psychospiritual, environment, and social. These types and context of comfort or placed in a taxonomic structure. The taxonomic structure is a map with information that was researched to provide the comfort need and wanted goals of comfort measures aimed towards needs. Kolcaba (2003) stated that the structure gives an evidence-based, conceptual road map that can be advanced: empirical guide for each side of comfort, a checklist, and measures to meet particular patient needs. This article is needed to show how using a grid can further the need to practice comfort and how it is a good tool to use.
The last article incorporated in this literature that was also critiqued is by Yousefi, H., Abedi, H., Yarmohammadian, M., & Elliott, D. (2009), Comfort as a basic need in hospitalized patients in Iran: a hermeneutic phenomenology study. The aim of this research article is explore comfort experiences of patients during their stay in the hospital on medical-surgical units in Iran. The sample size was used to recruit 16 patients and six intensive care and hemodialysis nurses who had experience in meeting