Course Study Guide Essay

Submitted By nikitashah1109
Words: 5048
Pages: 21

Humanities
Baroque
17th Century (1600’s)
Art
Characteristics
Flamboyant nature
Dramatic nature
Strong colors
Scale is large
Religious nature
Lavish
Louis XIV
Chiaroscuro (huge contrast between light and dark)
Artists &Architects and their Art& Architecture (Look up the art/architecture on mypisd.net)
Caravaggio
The Calling of Saint Matthew
The Cardsharps
Bernini
St. Theresa in Ecstasy
St. Peter’s Colonnade
Gentileschi
Judith and Holofernes
Valazquez
Las Meninas
El Greco
Burial of Count Orgaz
Rembrandt
Night Watch
Self-Portraits
Calming the Storm
Rubens
The Rape of the Daughters of Leucippus
Louis XIV
Versailles
Music
Is melodious in nature
Represents “’perfect order’” (humanities PPT) of the universe
Easy to recognize
There is an emphasis put on rhythmic vitality and a melody which is attractive
Terms
Monopoly or recitative-“free declamation of a single vocal line with simple instrumental accompaniment for support”-Humanities PPT
Arias-“moved away from declamatory recitative to musical numbers”-Humanities PPT
Oratorio-“sacred text from the Bible set to music”-Humanities PPT
Chorale variations-“variations out of different settings of a choral melody or a hymn tune”-Humanities PPT
Harpsichord-“keyboard that was forerunner to the modern piano”-Humanities PPT
Sonatas-“short, instrumental pieces”-Humanities PPT
Trills-“two notes played quickly”-Humanities PPT
Kantor-“music director (Bach was one)”- Humanities PPT
Fugue-“style of musical thought, from the Latin for ‘flight’, single theme passes from voice to voice or instrument to instrument (usually 4)”-Humanities PPT
Chorale Preludes-“variations on chorales, familiar songs as basis for musical improvisation”-Humanities PPT
Movements-“sections”-Humanities PPT
Concerto Grosso-“orchestral composition in three movements: fast, slow, fast”-Humanities PPT
Musicians and their Music
Elisabeth-Claude Jacquet de la Guerre
Antonio Vivaldi
The Four Seasons (Composed of four songs corresponding with each season of the year)
George Frederic Handel
Messiah
Johann Sebastian Bach
Jesu ,Joy of Man’s Desiring
St. Matthew’s Passion

Historical Context
Reaction to Protestant Reformation
Catholic Counter-Reformation
Catholics vs. Protestants
Exploration in the field of science
Larger world view
General exploration
Absolutist monarchies on the rise
Other People and their Works
Moliere
Tartuffe
Criticized hypocrisy in the claimed religious devout
Tartuffe lived with a family who he claimed to be improving
However, Tartuffe turns out to be a womanizer, trying to have an affair with Orgon’s wife
Tartuffe almost takes away Orgon’s house, but is eventually caught
Read more about Tartuffe in the test review I made for the unit 1450-1750 Part I
Locke
Established natural laws of politics
Argued for constitutional government
Went against the idea of divine right
Hobbes
Start of liberal thought
Thought that absolute government was necessary to stop complete anarchy
Believed there was a social contract between a sovereign and their people
Scientific Revolution
The idea that you could explain phenomena which appeared to be random in nature
Rococo/Neoclassical/Enlightenment (18th Century)
Rococo Art
Characteristics
“Graceful”-Humanities PPT
“Light-hearted”-Humanities PPT
“Soft Colors”-Humanities PPT
“Small Scale”-Humanities PPT
“Private Home”-Humanities PPT
“Frivolous and decadent”-Humanities PPT
“Louis XV”-Humanities PPT
“’anti Baroque’”-Humanities PPT
It served as a way to escape from a world which was becoming more and more uncomfortable
“About the pursuit of pleasure”-Humanities PPT
“Polite”-Humanities PPT
Historical Context- Age of Diversity
Resulted in Neoclassical and Rococo styles of art which greatly contrasted each other
Age of Optimism
“Trust in science”-Humanities PPT
Human logic
The idea of a natural order
Age of Dissatisfaction
Anger at the…