Deviant Behavior and Social Control
Deviance is only considered to be deviance when the actions go against what are
considered the norms of the group. Is a group of cannibals in the South American jungle
eating fellow human beings considered deviant behavior? Is kissing your loved one in a
public place to show affection considered deviant behavior? What about a person laying
down a small rug and praying wherever they are at certain times throughout the day.
There is no definite answer to the questions previously posed. Deviant behavior is a part
of every society, but is it a necessary part of society and what causes it? There are many
theories on what may cause deviance, but no single one is correct. This
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Sociologists suggest the techniques of neutralization, which are ways we will justify the deviant act to ourselves so that we are able to complete it. The five techniques are denial of responsibility, denying the injury, denial of the victim, condemnation of the authorities, and appealing to higher principles of authorities. Lastly, there is the labeling theory which states that individuals will commit secondary deviant acts after the fact that they have already been deemed a deviant by society. A flaw in this theory is that it does not give reason for why the original deviant act was committed. Every theory previously posed does have legitimate facts behind why it could be the cause for deviant behavior, but no single one is completely correct. Although the mesomorphic body type may be deemed as a more aggressive person, this would not be the only reason why the person was deviant, so the biological theory cannot stand alone. The psychological theories have a lot of mental disease that makes them more prone to deviant activity, but it is also proven that these traits are overcome by a good social environment and in some cases the proper medication. Just like the psychological theories, the sociological theories are proven that the environment that one is raised or lives in is a highly important factor, but it is possible for someone in a good environment to be deviant and vice versa.
2. What types of