English Language and Composition Test Essay

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Pages: 12

ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION
SECTION I
Time­ 1 Hour Directions: This part consists of selections from prose works and questions based on their content, form, and style. After each passage, choose the best answer to each question and completely fill in the corresponding circle on the answer sheet. Note: Pay particular attention to the requirement of questions that contain the words NOT,
LEAST, or EXCEPT. Questions 1­11. Read the following passage carefully before you choose your answers.

(This following excerpt is from “It Takes a Village” by Hillary Clinton) 1.Right now in our biggest cities and our smallest towns there are boys and girls being tucked gently into bed, and there are boys and girls who have no one to call mom or dad and no place to call home 5. Right now there are mothers and fathers just finishing a long day’s work and there are mothers and fathers just going to work, some to their second or third job of the day. Right now there are parents worrying, what if the babysitter is sick tomorrow or how can we 10.pay for college this fall. And right now there are parents despairing about gang members and drug pushers on the corners in their neighborhoods. Right now there are parents questioning a popular culture that glamorizes sex and violence, smoking and drinking 15.and teaches children that the logos on their clothes are more valued than the generosity in their hearts

But also right now there are dedicated teachers preparing their lessons for the new school year. There are volunteers tutoring and coaching children.
20There are doctors and nurses caring for sick children, police officers working to help kids stay out of trouble and off drugs. Of course, parents first and foremost are responsible for their children. But we are all responsible for ensuring
25.that children are raised in a nation that doesn’t just talk about family values, but acts in ways that values families. . [We…] are all part of one family, the American family, and each one of us has value. Each child who comes 30. into this world should feel special—every boy and every girl. Our daughter Chelsea will graduate from college in 2001 the dawn of the next century.
Though that’s not so far away it is hard for any of us to know what the world will look like then, much less when 35. Chelsea is my age in the year 2028. But one thing we know for sure is that change is certain.
Progress is not. Progress depends on the choices we make today for tomorrow and on whether we meet our challenges and protect our values. We can 40. start by doing more to support parents and the job they have to do. Issues affecting children and families are some are

some of the hardest we face as parents, as citizens, as a nation.

1. In the first and second paragraphs, Clinton’s tendency to begin sentences with “right now” or “and right now” are indicative of
a. Epistrophe
b. Anaphora
c. Metonymy
d. Isocolon
e. Aphorism
2. What is the effect of the repetition in paragraph two?
a. Implying that the number of problems parents face have decreased over time
b. Implying that the number of problems parents face have increased over time
c. Emphasizing the diverse and numerous fears and worries parents face
d. Showing the many ways in which children are poorly behaved
e. Implying that parents tend to act irresponsible with their children
3. Lines 15­16 PRIMARILY indicate what?
a. A transition from negative to positive
b. A shift in topic
c. A transition from positive to negative
d. A transition to a concluding thought
e. The insertion of a personal anecdote
4. The syntax in lines 24­25 “[We] are all part of one family, the American family, and each one of us has value” serves to
a. Impart a sense of responsibility upon the audience
b. Disregard non­American families
c. Promote a sense of blind patriotism
d. Chastise those who have not actively…