Natural selection acts to preserve and accumulate minor advantageous genetic mutations. Suppose a member of a species developed a functional advantage (it grew wings and learned to fly). Its offspring would inherit this adaptation and pass it on to their offspring. The inferior (disadvantaged) members of the same species would gradually die out, leaving only the superior (advantaged) members of the species. Natural selection is nature’s equivalent to domestic breeding. Over the centuries, humans have produced dramatic changes in domestic animals by selecting individuals to breed. Breeders eliminate undesirable traits gradually over time. Similarly, natural selection eliminates inferior species gradually over time.
Occasionally a process call speciation will occur within a species. This happens when a new organism has been created and it can no longer interbreed with the original organisms in nature and produce viable offspring. At that point, they are now a new species and speciation has occurred. Here is a simple example of how speciation could occur. Simple fruit fly eggs have been laid on a bunch of bananas. As these eggs are lounging on the bananas on the mainland, a hurricane strikes and washes the bananas and the eggs out to sea. Eventually the bananas and the eggs are washed up on an island. The fruit flies hatch and mature on the island. Due to environmental differences on the island, the