Final essay

Submitted By Ronald-Barrera
Words: 2386
Pages: 10

English 1A
M-W Time: 12:00 pm – 1:15 pm
Ronald Barrera

Central America

The Americas, also named the New World by European explorers, are lands in the Western hemisphere and divided into three continents: North America, Central America, and South America. However it is quite interesting that when people hear the word “America” or Americans”, the first thing that comes to their minds is the United States or sometimes there are some people that do not have knowledge that Central America exists. America is commonly distinguished as the United States which is one of the most powerful countries in the world. The U.S. supremacy overshadows the rest of the nations, and makes people misunderstand the continents' geography. As victim of the Northern American domination, the Central America continent is mostly unknown for the rest World. Nevertheless, Central America consists of seven nations, Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. These countries, defined as “Third World Countries”, are seriously affected by globalization and by the ambition of the United States to have control over everyone else. As John Perkins says, “while for us (United States’ corporations) it is about power, money and natural resources. It is one part of the struggle for world dominations and the dream of a few greedy men, global empire.” (Confession of an EHM Page xx) it is about the United States’ empire of domination, control and manipulation of the social, political, and economical systems causing the accelerated increase of poverty, unemployment, crime, illiteracy, emigration, censorship, inequality, and many other disadvantages that only affect the common people. As the result, Central America’s nations are the poorest and most violent of the America continent. These countries are affected by this empire that creates Economic Hitman to gain control over other nations. Economic Hitman are an elite group of men and women who utilize international financial organizations to foment conditions that make other nations subservient to the corporatocracy running our biggest corporations, government, and banks. Giving loans to develop infrastructure such as electric generating plants, highways, ports, airports, or industrial parks, but with a condition is that engineering and construction companies from the United States must build all those projects. In the end, most of the money comes back to the United States and if an EHM is completely successful, these loans are so huge that these poor countries can't pay the debt back. When a country is in debt with the United States, the US have control over United Nations votes, the installation of military bases, or access to resources such as oil, and consequently another country is added to the United States' global empire. As good examples to the domination of the US into Central America are Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, and Panama. These countries, if not all, have been affected and have experienced corruption from the wealthy people. In the 19th century, Guatemala gained independence from Spain on September 15, 1821 and became part of the Mexican Empire. Then for a period belonged to the United Provinces of Central America, until the federation broke up in civil war in 1838-1840. In 1871, Guatemala’s “Liberal Revolution” came in under the leadership of Justo Rufino Barrios. During this era coffee became an important crop for Guatemala. Barrios worked to modernize the country, improve trade, and introduce new crops and manufacturing. Guatemala looked going into the correct path for a successful country but with ambitions of reuniting Central America, Barrios took the country to war in an unsuccessful attempt to attain this, losing his life on the battlefield in 1885 against forces in El Salvador. Later, in 1901, during the long presidencies of Manuel Jose Estrada Cabrera and General Jorge Ubico, United Fruit Company (UFC) started becoming a