globalisation glossary Essay

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GLOBALISATION GLOSSARY

Words about arguments
Discourse
speak or write authoritatively about a topic.
Dialect
a particular form of a language which is peculiar to a specific region or social group.
Thesis
a statement or theory that is put forward as a premise to be maintained or proved.
Antithesis
a person or thing that is the direct opposite of someone or something else.
Synthesis
the combination of components or elements to form a connected whole.
Polemic
a strong verbal or written attack on someone or something.
Explication
concerns the process of "unfolding" and of "making clear" the meaning of things, so as to make the implicit explicit
Posit
put forward as fact or as a basis for argument.
Postulates
suggest or assume the existence, fact, or truth of (something) as a basis for reasoning, discussion, or belief.
Speculate
form a theory or conjecture about a subject without firm evidence.

Words about culture and globalisation
Capital
the city or town that functions as the seat of government and administrative centre of a country or region.
Social capital
The city in a country where the most productive social atmosphere is found
Cultural capital
The city in a country where the most productive cultural atmosphere is found
Intellectual capital
The city in a country where the most productive intellectual atmosphere is found
Commodity
a raw material or primary agricultural product that can be bought and sold, such as copper or coffee.
Commodification
1. the transformation of goods and services, as well as ideas or other entities that normally may not be considered goods, into a commodity (in the Marxist sense of the word). The Marxist understanding of commodity is distinct from the meaning of commodity in mainstream business theory.
Semiotics
1. the study of signs and symbols and their use or interpretation.
Semiurgy
the art of creating new signs and sign systems, as opposed to semiotics as the science of signs, and rhetoric as the effective usage of signs.
Signifies
1. the meaning or idea expressed by a sign, as distinct from the physical form in which it is expressed.
Hermenutics
1. the branch of knowledge that deals with interpretation, especially of the Bible or literary texts.
Social Reproduction refers to the emphasis on the structures and activities that transmit social inequality from one generation to the next

Social determinant the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age. These circumstances are shaped by the distribution of money, power and resources at global, national and local levels.
Hyperreality
In semiotics and postmodernism, hyperreality is an inability of consciousness to distinguish reality from a simulation of reality, especially in technologically advanced postmodern societies
Simulacra
an image or representation of someone or something. Singular: simulacrum. Can also be an unsatisfactory imitation
“Narcoticised”
affect with or as if with a narcotic drug. (narcotize)
Baudrillard
French sociologist, philosopher, cultural theorist, political commentator. Defined hyperreality
Transaesthetic
(no online definition) Term used by Jean Baudrillard. He wrote an essay on it: it basically concerns itself with the prominence of Art and the ‘opposition of reality’.
World government refers refers to the idea of all humankind united under one common political authority. Currently there is no existing world government.
International
existing, occurring, or carried on between nations.
Distributive justice concerns the nature of a socially just allocation of goods in a society. A society in which incidental inequalities in outcome do not arise would be considered a society guided by the principles of distributive justice.
Cosmopolitanism
the ideology that all human ethnic groups belong to a single community based on a shared morality. A person who adheres to the idea of cosmopolitanism in any of its forms is called a cosmopolitan or cosmopolite.
Liberalism
1. political philosophy or worldview founded…