Summary for Two Sections Section: The ideal of diversity is talking about diversity is a way to help people to keep just and equal city, to provides joy, to protect environment, as how contemporary urban designers, planners, sociologists and cultural analysts, Jane Jacob, Richard Florida, Marion Young and et, think about in the urban theories, but it seem that “do not anticipate the impact of present market tendencies”(Susan S. Fainstein, 2004) that cities tend to become similarity as each other under the limiting by “cost consideration and marketing imperatives”(Fainstein, 2004) Section: The contemporary critique of modernism is talking what happened after 1930s, twentieth-century planners sought to enhance efficiency rather that equity or protect environment as the purpose in urban planning, made a lot of social problem and ecologically destructive. That is why people emphasis on diversity later.
Topic Questions For section first: 1, Why people emphasis on diversity in the city and think it so perfect? 2, Does diversity is the root cause of the social equality and other social issues? 2, What is the diversity exactly is or what does the diversity represent in a city? 4, Why market and consumers want to be non-diversity if diversity is really good? For section second: 1, Is the idea of enhance efficiency wrong? 2, What happened or how grave lost about the Great Depression and other planning during the 1930s? 3, Does equality must against with the Modernism? 4, What is the diversity disadvantage to city?
Summary for Jane Jacobs and Richard Florida Jane Jacobs, on Wikipedia, was an American-Canadian journalist, author, and activist best known for her influence on urban studies. She had a complex background in the urban studies, before she published her influential book The Death and Life of Great American Cities(1961), she had changed a lot working, and represent a litter against method to the modernism planner. And then, after that book publishing, she was seen as an urban studies although she did not have any college degree in this program. She had a lot of new theories about urban planning, most of them was against to the urban planning method during 1950s. She persisted that a urban should be diversity and , also, she against the modernism planner and their plan such as destructing existing