Human Rights Plus Business Defining human rights is tricky in that there is a broad range of what human rights actually are. While searching for a proper definition, there is a main theme throughout all the definitions. The theme is that all these rights are inherent to every human being. Human rights were formed into a declaration shortly after World War II due to the inhuman activities that arose from this war. Long before the Second World War there was always a dilemma with humans and how each person in a society is to be treated. After the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was founded, controversy continued to remain regarding this topic. Especially in the business world, human rights are still an issue today. “Human rights issues are crossing sovereign boundaries and are no longer just issues of the state” (Shah, Corporations and Human Rights). There should be boundaries put in place to enforce human rights directly involved with American companies; however, their duty does not extend to the outer world. This ever-growing topic in the world of business has caused some stink and still is today. Ever since 1948 when the United Nations set in place the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the world has debated and conflicted over this issue. There have been numerous cases with businesses about their human rights violations. Resulting from these violations came human right laws such as, the Fair Labor Act, Civil Rights Act of 1964 and 1968, and many others. Many questions arise for shareholders in the case of human rights issues. If a company cuts costs to grant these human rights and this hurts shareholders pay then should they be able to argue these laws and refuse to obey them? The purpose of businesses and corporations is in fact to make the shareholders happy and make a profit for them. Even if one does not believe in this theory it is true. It’s inevitable because they are the ones who have the majority say in how the company is ran and can how the company makes decisions. This idea of how shareholders are involved with human rights has been brought to John Gerald Ruggie in his book Just Business: Multinational Corporations And Human Rights. “There is a lack of clarity in virtually all jurisdictions regarding not only companies or their directors and officers are required to do regarding human rights, but in many cases even what they are permitted to do without running afoul of their fiduciary responsibilities to shareholders” (Ruggie, Just Business: Multinational Corporations And Human Rights). In other words, if companies follow human rightslaws and regulations which are not clearly understood to begin with, shareholders can more easily formulate the laws to what benefits them. Some laws and regulations exist, but many do not know they are required by the government. Such as the law regarding human rights to sex-trafficking slaves. Of course, the people who are involved in such actions do not post the rights lawfully given to the slaves, because it would kill their business. Human rights, such as Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, are posted in a worker’s environment as a means of protecting the company. When employers are aware their rights are protected by the law and a company is willfully following them, the people and company are protected. The sex-trafficking business is purposely created to violate other humans’ rights; therefore, secrecy of such rights is necessary to the business. If it costs shareholders more money to obey every human right that is vaguely stated, then it could ultimately result in a loss of great dividends for the company. They find that if they can cut corners and save a few dollars, shareholders are typically willing to ignore laws that do not directly benefit them. Another point Ruggie states is there is little to no coordination between agencies that regulate the conduct of corporations and their responsibility to carry out human right’s
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Article: “To Beat Back Poverty, Pay the Poor”
Main Characteristics of Human Rights
Some main characteristics of human rights are that the rights are made up especially with the interest of the people in mind. Human rights are different for each group of individuals. The people are entitled to make judgments and decisions they feel deemed necessary for the community. The chapter simply states that for every different geological culture, the human rights…
When ratifying any human rights treaties states parties accept two kinds of obligations: (1) to adopt such legislative or other measures as may be necessary to give effect to the rights protected by the treaty, and (2) to remedy violations of those rights.
Components of the right to freedom of expression:
1. The right to hold opinions without interference
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights state that the right to freedom of expression…
The terrorist attacks on 11 September 2001 signalled a dramatic change in how Australia and the World view terrorism and terrorists, and in response the Australian Government has adjusted or introduced new counter-terrorism laws. The most influential bill passed is the 2004 amendment to the 1995 criminal code, which amended the law relating to foreign incursions and recruitment, terrorism offences. The amendments also changed certain crimes that were already covered…
“Human rights are the freedoms and basic rights to all humans, they deal with how people live together and adopted by the United Nations in 1948.” (What are human rights?)
Human rights related to almost all the aspects of human life which include economic rights, political rights, Social rights, civil rights and cultural rights etc…
As a rule of human rights in work place of New Zealand, The Human Rights Act 1993 is very important to life of New Zealander.
“The Human Rights Act 1993…
Task Type: Mini Essays
UN- United Nations
ICCPR- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
UDHR- Universal Declaration of Human Rights
NGO- Non-Governmental Organisations
UNICEF- United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund
Discuss the arguments for and against a charter of rights for Australia
There are many arguments for and against a charter of rights for Australia; many of these arguments…
Core: Human Rights
The nature and development of human rights
The definition of human rights
The Preamble to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), adopted by the General Assembly of the UN in 1948, sets out the fundamental purpose for recognising human rights. It states that: ‘recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world’.
The precise nature of human rights, however…
constitutional supremacy based on human rights and dignity. In the preamble of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, human dignity and equality are recognized as the founding values of democracy. Ubuntu further reinforces these values because it includes these constitutional imperatives of human dignity and equality within its definition.
The Bill of Rights contains all the rights of all South Africans and affirms the above-mentioned democratic rights of human dignity and equality. Section…
Free to say what you want.
We all have the right to make up our own minds, to think what we like, to say what we think, and to share our ideas with other people.
United Kingdom citizens have a negative right to freedom of expression under the common law. In 1998, the United Kingdom incorporated the European Convention, and the guarantee of freedom of expression it contains in Article 10, into its domestic law under the Human Rights Act. However there is a broad sweep of exceptions including…
Year 12 HSC Legal Studies
Topic 2: Human Rights
Nature and Development of Concepts of Human Rights
State Sovereignty: refers to the power of a state to have control over its territory and its subjects. State sovereignty also stops states from acting within the boundaries of other states and therefore allowing human rights abuses to go unpunished within the boundaries of a state.
Natural Law Doctrine: Natural law is the law that has been created by higher powers or higher…
Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible.
Article 4: from the universal declaration is being threatened by criminals that want to make money by selling people and people who are desperate and even go to craigslist…