Hypothalamus and Glucose R. Hormone Essays

Submitted By Sirani-Sira
Words: 877
Pages: 4

Endocrine System Exam Name:

Matching (Select from choices on the next page)

1. _____Adrenal cortex
2. _____Adrenal medulla
3. _____Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
4. _____Aldosterone
5. _____Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
6. _____Calcitonin
7. _____Cortisol
8. _____Epinephrine
9. _____Estrogen
10. _____Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
11. _____Glucagon
12. _____Growth hormone (GH)
13. _____Insulin
14. _____Luteinizing hormone (LH)
15. ­­­­_____Ovaries
16. _____Pancreas
17. _____Parathyroid
18. _____Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
19. _____Pituitary
20. _____Progesterone
21. _____Prolactin
22. _____Testes
23. _____Testosterone
24. _____Thymosin
25. _____Thyroid
26. _____Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
27. _____Thyroxin (T4)
28. _____Triiodothyronine (T3)

Matching section: Choices can be used more than once
A. Decreases blood calcium
B. Endocrine gland important in blood glucose control
C. Four small glands which help regulate calcium in the blood
D. Gland found in neck responsible for metabolism, resembles a butterfly
E. Gland found in the inferior, anterior region of the brain, also referred to as the “master gland”
F. Hormone which increases blood calcium
G. Hormone which increases blood glucose level in times of prolonged stress
H. Hormone which increases heart rate, blood pressure, glucose, and respiratory rate
I. Hormone which increases protein synthesis in somatic (body) cells
J. Hormone which increases cellular mitosis, bone size, glucose, organ size
K. Hormone secreted by the pituitary which increases water reabsorption in the kidneys to prevent dehydration
L. Hormone which produces female secondary sex characteristics
M. Hormone which produces male secondary sex characteristics
N. Hormone which regulates salt (sodium) and water balance in the kidneys
O. Hormone which regulates the immune system
P. Hormone which stimulates adrenal cortex to make cortisol
Q. Hormone which stimulates glucose uptake in somatic cells, thereby lowering blood glucose
R. Hormone which stimulates liver to hydrolyze glycogen, thereby increasing blood glucose
S. Hormone which stimulates ovaries to make estrogen and testes to make sperm
T. Hormone which stimulates ovaries to make progesterone and testes to make testosterone
U. Hormone which stimulates the breasts to lactate
V. Hormone which stimulates thyroid to make T3 and T4
W. Hormone which stimulates uterus lining growth
X. Glands which make cortisol and aldosterone
Y. Glands which make epinephrine and norepinephrine
Z. Glands responsible for female secondary sex characteristics
AA. Glands responsible for male secondary sex characteristics

Fill in the blanks.
You are taking a test, a really big test, and you have been stressed about the test since the weekend. This prolonged stress causes the 29 gland to release 30 which goes to the adrenal glands. The adrenal glands release 31, which increases blood glucose under stressful but not life threatening situations. This increase in blood glucose causes the 32 to make 33 which allows the cells to use the glucose and decreases blood glucose. Some people have a disorder called 34 which prevents the 32 from making 33.
If too much 33 is released, blood glucose will decrease until the 32 releases 35 which will increase blood glucose by having the 36 create glucose from glycogen.

29. ____________________
30. ____________________
31. ____________________
32. ____________________
33. ____________________
34. ____________________
35. ____________________
36. ____________________

Multiple choice. Place the letter of the correct response in the blank…