Beginning in the 1880s, many American’s wanted to make the United States a worldly power due to economic and military competition from other nations, as well as the ever increasing feelings of cultural superiority. In order to further the United States’ worldwide hegemony, America began looking at Imperialism—the economic and political domination of a strong nation over other weaker nations—as a way to reach this supremacy. These feelings of superiority and desire for global dominance were prompted by the ideas known as: Anglo-Saxonism, the belief that white Europeans were destined to dominate the planet, Manifest Destiny, the belief that it was God’s intent that American’s would dominate the planet, and Jingoism, a form of hyper-nationalism fostered by promoters and newspaper editors. The commencement of foreign involvement began in 1853 when a naval expedition was led into Tokyo bay in order to negotiate a trade treaty with Japan by Commodore Matthew C. Perry. A treaty was established and signed by both sides, which helped to Westernize Japan and usher in the enhancement of the Japanese navy. As trade with Japan and their close neighbor, China, flourished, many Americans became interested in Hawaii due to the fact that ships traveling between China and the United States regularly sojourned there. When American settlers learned that the climate and soil of Hawaii were apt for yielding sugarcane, Hawaii’s fate was sealed. A group of planters (with the help of marines from Boston) forced Queen Liliuokalani, queen of Hawaii, to give up power and set up a provision government. The planters requested that the United States annex Hawaii, but President Cleveland contradicted imperialism. Five years later, William McKinney approved of the annexation; it was carried out. In 1889, a conference was held in Washington, D.C. where seventeen Latin American nations were in attendance. This assemble was in large part due to the exploits of James G. Blaine, who served as secretary of state in two administrations and strongly believed in Pan-Americanism—the idea that the United States and Latin America should work together. The conference failed to accomplish any of Blain’s goals, but it did create the Commercial Bureau of the American Republics, an organization that advocated for mutual collaboration among the nations of the Western Hemisphere. Later, the organization would be known as the Organization of American States (OAS). In the late 1800s, three pending conflicts opened the American peoples’ and Government’s eyes to the involvement in transoceanic affairs: Germany’s attempt at usurping the Samoa Island, Chilean mob attacking American sailors, and the backing of Venezuela against Great Britain. Although, these conflicts were solved peacefully, it helped to show the United States weakness; it’s navy. In 1890, Captain Afred T. Mahan—an officer in the United States navy who taught at the Navel War College—made the argument that America needed a stronger and more modern fleet in a bestselling, rhetorical opus called The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 1660-1783. After making his argument, Mahan, recognized that building a modern navy meant that the United States needed to acquire territory overseas for naval bases. Naval bases would allow ships to refuel and resupply before they were sent onward to their destination. In congress, two paramount senators, Henry Cabot Lodge and Albert J. Beveridge, fostered the idea of reconstructing of the navy—as did President McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt. By 1890, the United States of America was well on its way to attaining the title of one of the world’s top naval powers. One of the most renowned ships of this era was the U.S.S. Maine, even though it was for a pernicious reason. On February 15, 1898, the U.S.S. Maine was anchored in Havana harbor when it exploded for a perplexing reason. Two-hundred and sixty-six of the three-hundred and fifty-four officers and sailors were killed in the blast.…
Is isolationism the way to go, or is it? Throughout the chapter we discussed a lot about imperialism and isolationism. The history of the U.S can describe both being use/used in our country. From that time being, the United States went from foreign policy changed from isolationism to imperialism. As for me I believe in imperialism. It was proven time and again throughout history that in order to survive, a nation must expand its borders and become more powerful.
Isolationism for example was the…
Causes of Imperialism
Imperialism in late 19th century America involved both territorial and economic expansion, but not necessarily at the same time or in the same place. Imperialism was an international phenomenon, but the Americans, who had the whole continent to provide raw materials and domestic markets, had little compulsion to acquire more territory, in contrast with the Europeans and Japanese that had an entirely different attitude toward imperialism. America’s causes for imperialism were…
The American Revolution was a political upheaval during the last half of the 18th century in which thirteen colonies in North America joined together to break from the British Empire, combining to become the United States of America. They first rejected the authority of the Parliament of Great Britain to govern them from overseas without representation, and then expelled all royal officials. By 1775 each colony had established a Provincial Congress or an equivalent governmental institution to govern…
The United State’s Decision to Imperialize
Between the 1800s and World War II, the United States had many opportunities to
imperialize and annex other counties. What if the United States did not imperialize and annex
countries? The US would be far behind other countries, economically, politically, and socially.
All these countries like Great Britain, Belgium, Germany, and Japan wanted to extend their
powers to foreign land and the United States wanted to be like everyone else…
If we were to examine the different perceived purposes early Americans had for expansion of the United States during the time of the Spanish American war, you would find that there were a number of motives supporting expansion. After a series of economic depressions business men initially opposed to expansion were looking at new ideas of marketing their goods in foreign countries. If the United States was going to be a world trade power they needed to secure harbors on foreign soil where they could…
“I, as not only the President of the United States, but also as a human being, believe that imperialism is right. Not only is it right, but should be universal law given by God because the fact of the matter is it is a necessity and a priority. If only all human beings had the intelligence to see that I am right and that imperialism is the next step in the ultimate government then the world would be a better place. No person would ever have to wonder what would happen if they slacked off on trades…
Growth of America as an Empire
__________________- Stronger countries extend political, economic, or political control over weaker nations
American Imperialism based on 3 factors
Growth of _______________strength
Growth of new ______________ markets
Spread cultural __________________
Alfred T. Mahan- urged America to build strong navy
1883-1890- nine steel hulled fleet ships
Modern battleships such as Maine and Oregon
them food and clothing, medical care,
Reconstruction - The rebuilding of the South
Ten Percent Plan - 1863, gave Southern states the right to form a new government if 10% of its voters swore loyalty to the United States. This government would be required to abolish slavery.
Amnesty - Government pardon
Wade-Davis Bill - 1864, required a majority of white men in each other state to swear loyalty to the Union. It also denied the right to vote or hold office to any people who volunteered in support of…
C) Culture often provides detailed prescriptions for appropriate behavior.
D) The nature of cultural influences is such that we are consciously aware of them.
E) all of the above
Answer: B Page: 42 Difficulty: hard
9. In the United States, promptness is considered a virtue. Americas are expected to be on time to an event, and they expect others to do so as well. Which aspect of culture best explains this behavior?
A) Culture is a simple concept.
B) Culture is something one…