lecture 1 Essay example

Submitted By Lwang3
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Pages: 3

COMM 491 927
Summer 2015

Lecture 1
Introduction to strategic management

• Strategy – a plan, a pattern, a ploy???
• •Mission
• -A description or declaration of why a company is in operation
• •Competitive advantage
• –A firm’s profitability is greater than the average profitability for all firms in its industry

Determinants of Shareholder Value

To increase shareholder value, managers must pursue strategies that increase the profitability of the company and grow the profits.

Differences in Industry
Company Performance


A Company’s Profitability and
Profit Growth are determined by two main factors:
1. The overall performance of its industry relative to other industries.
2. Its relative success in its industry as compared to the competitors

The Five Steps of the Strategy Making

Select the corporate vision, mission, and values and the major corporate goals and objectives.
Analyze the external competitive environment to identify opportunities and threats.
Analyze the organization’s internal environment to identify its strengths and weaknesses.
Select strategies that:

Build on the organization’s strengths and correct its weaknesses – in order to take advantage of external opportunities and counter external threats Are consistent with organization’s vision, mission, and values and major goals and objectives
Are congruent and constitute a viable business model

Implement the strategies.

 Crafting the Organization’s Mission
Provides a framework or context within which strategies are formulated, including:
 Mission –
The reason for existence – what an organization does

 Vision –

A statement of some desired future state

 Values –

A statement of key values that an organization is committed to

 Major Goals –

The measurable desired future state that an organization attempts to realize

Major Goals
A goal is a precise and measurable desired future state that a company must realize if it is to attain its vision or mission.

Key characteristics of well-constructed goals:

Precise and measurable – to provide a yardstick or standard to


Address crucial issues – with a limited

number of key goals that

Challenging but realistic – to provide

employees with incentive


judge performance

help to maintain focus for improving

Specify a time period – to motivate and inject a sense of urgency into goal attainment

 External Analysis
Purpose is to identify the strategic opportunities and threats in the organization’s operating environment that will affect how it pursues its mission.
External Analysis requires an assessment of:
• Industry environment in which company operates
– Competitive structure of industry
– Competitive position of the company
– Competitiveness and position of major rivals

• The country or national environments in which company competes • The wider socioeconomic or macro-environment that may affect the company and its industry
– Social
• Technological
• Legal
• International
– Government

 Internal Analysis
Purpose is to pinpoint the strengths and weaknesses of the organization. Strengths lead to superior performance and weaknesses to inferior performance.

Internal analysis includes an assessment of:
• Quantity and quality of a company’s resources and capabilities • Ways of building unique skills and company-specific or distinctive competencies

 Strategy Implementation
• After choosing a set of congruent strategies to achieve competitive advantage, managers