Allusion a brief reference to a person, event, or place, real or fictitious, or to a work of art. ex: talking about cupid in romeo and juliet.
foil a character that contrasts another character to highlight traits of that other character. ex: king duncan is a foil to macbeth
analogy the comparison of two pairs who have the same relationship. ex: hot is to cold as fire is to ice
Comic Relief comic episodes in a dramatic or literary work that offset serious sections and lighten the mood of the work. ex: the porter scene in Macbeth
scene a sequence of continuous action
soliloquy the act of speaking ones thoughts aloud without anybody listening
Metaphor comparison between two unlike things (does not use like or as) ex: he is a pig
Simile comparison between two unlike things using the words like or as. ex: crazy like a fox
Setting determining the time and place in fiction ex: cozy waterfront cottage in a peaceful country setting
Symbol (symbolism) using an object of action that means something more than its literal meaning. ex: the heart symbolizes love and night symbolizes gloom and eerieness
Tone the attitude the writer takes towards a subject or character ex: serious, humorous, sarcastic,
Mood situations atmosphere or characters feelings.
A tragic flaw the fatal flaw leading to the downfall of a tragic hero ex: macbeths vaulting ambition
Tragic hero a literary hero who makes a judgement error that leads to his or her downfall ex: macbeth in macbeth, or romeo and juliet in romeo and juliet.
Atmosphere the feeling of the setting of the work of literature. used to create an emotional tone. ex: in macbeth the thunder and darkness was the atmosphere for the witch scene many other scenes
aside a remark said by a character meant for the audience to hear, but not for the other characters to hear.
stanza a unified group of lines in poetry protagonist the leading character or one of the main characters in a drama or work of literature
antagonist a person who actively opposes or is hostile towards someone, most likely the protagonist
point of view – the angle that the story is told from, mode of narration
1st person using your own voice, using the words I, my, we. more of an informal point of view
2nd person uses you, your, yours
3rd person limited detached, unbiased, unemotional, the narrator only knows the thoughts and feelings of one character.
3rd person omniscient detached, unbiased, unemotional, the narrator is in the story but also knows the thoughts and feelings of all the other characters.
satire (satirical) used to ridicule or make fun of someone, or human weakness, often with the intent of correcting, or changing the subject of the attack.
sarcasm the use of irony to give pain in a joking way ex: to someone who is often late “you’ve arrived exactly on time!”
hyperbole an exaggeration or overstatement