literary definitions: sound devices: -onomatoepia: the formation of a word by the imitation of a sound -meter: the rhythmic element in music and poetry -rhyme: agreement in the end sounds of lines or words -internal rhyme: rhyme created by two or more words in the same line of verse -external rhyme: is rhyme that occurs in the last words of each line in a poem; because it is at the end of each line, it is also known as end rhyme. -alliteration: repetition of the same sound at the beginning of two or more words -syntax: the arrangement of words into sentences and phrases -consonance: accord or agreement -assonance: similarity of sound in words or syllables is the repetition of vowel sounds in a phrase or line. literary devices: -diction: style of speaking or writing -imagery: mental images collectively -allusion: a passing or casual reference to a person, place, or literary work -allegory: story in which characters and actions are symbols for ideas -denotation: explicit or direct meaning or set of meanings of a word or expression -connotation: associated meanings of a word in addition to its explicit or dictionary definition Connotation is the feeling or association that a word or phrase evokes in addition to its literal meaning. These implied, or unstated meanings of a word can work with or against your intentions. -foreshadowing: to show or indicate beforehand -oxymoron: figure of speech that uses seeming contradictions figurative language: -idiom: expression peculiar to a language -irony: the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning -situational irony: irony involving a situation in which actions have an effect that is opposite from what was intended, so that the outcome is contrary to what was expected. -verbal irony: a person says or writes one thing and means another, or uses words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning. -dramatic irony: is inherent in speeches or a situation of a drama and is understood by the audience but not grasped by the characters in the play. -simile: phrase comparing two things using 'like' or 'as' -metaphor: word or phrase applied to an object or concept in order to suggest comparison -hyperbole: obvious exaggeration -understatement: the act or an instance of understating, or representing in a weak or restrained way that is not borne out by the facts -personification: attributing a human character or quality to an animal, idea, or thing -symbolism: the use of symbols to signify ideas and qualities by giving them symbolic meanings that are different from their literal sense -satire: the use of irony or ridicule in exposing vice, folly, etc plot line: -exposition: writing or speech primarily intended to convey information or to explain -inciting incident: it’s an event that catalyzes your hero to “go into motion” and take action. -conflict: to come into collision or disagreement; be contradictory, at variance, or in opposition; clash -resolution: The resolution of a story most often happens at the end of the book; it's the event resolves the conflict occurring in the story and provides a conclusion. -rising action: a related series of incidents in a literary plot that build toward the point of greatest interest -falling action: the part of a literary plot that occurs after the climax has been reached and the conflict has been resolved -major character: are vital to the development and resolution of the conflict. In other words, the plot and resolution of conflict revolves around these characters -minor character: serve to complement the major characters and help move the plot events forward -flat character: the opposite of a round character;
is a person who is attracted or has a deep and utter connection to dead bodies. When she gave up his body, her desire to control was transferred to someone else, Homer Barron. There was a slight issue, because Homer wasn’t looking to “settle down” and was accustomed to the single life. Ultimately, Emily’s drive to dictate over him led to poisoning him causing her to take his life and to fulfill her need for control over his dead body, literally.
The two dark and controlling characters differed…
interest in reading. Urban fiction, or street lit, is a book genre that discusses life in urban communities, also known as the hood or ghetto. Young African American students, some as young as twelve, commonly read this genre; with that said teachers are now debating whether or not to implement these books into their curriculums. Street lit will hinder the Black youth, which will eventually affect the entire Black community since the youth is the future. Urban literature should not be allowed in the…
Terms and Device in Literature
alliteration(頭韻) - refers to the repetition of a particular sound in the first syllables of a series of words or phrases.
allusion(暗示) - an indirect reference to another piece literature, etc.
antagonist(對手) - characters that presents the opposition against which the protagonist must contend.
aside(旁白) - character speaks to the audience -- on stage character don’t hear.
atmosphere(氣氛) - mood of feeling.
ballad(敘事詩) - form of narrative poetry…
Adversary (opponent) of the protagonist
People or animals who take part in the action of a story
Pivotal or turning point
Tension between opposing forces in a work of literature
External – person vs. person/person vs. fate/person vs. nature/person…
several words with the same vowel sound.
ALLUSION: A casual reference in literature to a person, place, event, or another passage of literature, often without explicit identification.
ANALOGY: A comparison between two things, typically on the basis of their structure and for the purpose of explanation or clarification.
ANTAGONIST: The character against whom the protagonist struggles or contends (if there is one).
ANTITHESIS: A person or thing that is the direct opposite of someone or something else.
Poetry Terms and Poetic Sound Devices
Repetition of the same or very
similar consonant sounds
usually at the beginnings of
words that are close together in
Reference to a statement, a
person, a place, or an event
from literature, history, religion,
mythology, politics, sports,
science, or pop culture.
Repetition of similar vowel…
and six chapters respectively. The narration is from the third person, with an omniscience limited to Winston's perspective. The first section covers the beginning of Winston's personal treason, his background, and his hopes. In the second, Winston becomes romantically involved with Julia and the two develop their dual rebellion and their relationship and finally approach O'Brien. Also in the second section, Winston reads literature of the opposition, which helps him to formulate his ideas concerning…
The present course- paper is devoted to the comprehensive study of stylistic device – the epithet in the literary work “Jane Eyre” by Charlotte Bronte.
The topicality of chosen by us theme lies in the fact that a human being perceives the reality by means of various images. These images exist everywhere: in art, in nature, in thoughts, and in speech in particular. Each of us at least ones created an image. We use different means (stylistic expressive means and devices) to achieve…