Martin: Roman Empire and Emperor Diocletian Emperor Essay

Submitted By qylesyia
Words: 1079
Pages: 5

Study Guide for Test Three
Rome (geography) Romulus and Remus Etruscans
Consuls/ Praetor Senate Patricians
Plebeians Struggle of the Orders Law of Twelve Tablets
Carthage Punic Wars Hannibal
Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus Sulla First Triumvirate
Julius Caesar Octavian (Caesar Augustus) Second Triumvirate
Marc Antony Pax Romana Juilo-Claudians
Five Good Emperors Zealots/ Essences Pontius Pilate
Paul of Tarsus Nero Germanic people
Emperor Diocletian Emperor Constantine I Constantinople
Arianism/ Arius Nicene Creed Emperor Theodosius
Peterine Doctrine Angles, Franks, Visigoths Monasticism
Cassiodorus St. Benedict Rule [of St. Benedict]
Tetrarchy Caesaropapism Great Schism of 1054
Eastern Orthodox Justinian Theodora
Gynaikontis Bubonic Plague Emperor Leo III

Fill-in-the-Blank for 131 World History 1. The ________ Mountains separated Italy from mainland Europe which left the Roman Empire to form its culture and the heart of its empire from the lands located around the Mediterranean Sea. 2. Rome was founded by ____________ and ____________. It was located on seven hills at the edge of the ___________ Plain on the ___________River. 3. The ____________ controlled Rome for 100 years. They promoted trade, simplified the Latin alphabet and changed the city from a dirt village into a more sophisticated city. 4. The two chief executive officials of the Roman Empire were the _________. They ___________ the government and _______ ______ _______. They were elected to ___________ terms by the _________. The ____________ major responsibility was the execution of justice and he could substitute for the ____________. The __________ consisted of 300 men. Its primary function was as an ___________ body to the consuls. 5. The ____________ was an aristocratic governing class of Rome’s wealthiest citizens who controlled all political offices in the city. The ______________ were less wealthy citizens who could vote, but not hold office and could not marry into the upper-class of society. The attempt of the Plebeians to obtain their rights was called _______________ _ ___ ________. ____ ______ ___ __________ _________ was a series of laws displayed on twelve tablets that opened the legal system to all. The Plebeians won their full rights by 287 BCE. 6. ___________ was a city on the coast of Africa that became a major trading rival to Rome. __________ and _________ engaged in three battles called the Punic Wars. ___________ was a famous general from Carthage who attacked Rome by overland through the Alps with a pack of elephants. __________ won all three wars and Carthage was eventually destroyed. 7. ____________ and ___________ _________ were brothers who wanted to distribute land to the poor. They were assassinated for their efforts. 8. ___________ took control of Rome around the year 82 BCE. He conducted a “Reign of Terror” before restoring power back to the Roman Senate. 9. A political coalition known as the ___________ _____________ took control of Rome following Sulla’s Rebellion. The members of this coalition were ______________, ________________, and _____________. ____________ was made dictator of Rome in 47 BCE; he was assassinated in 44BCE. He named ________________ as his heir. 10. The political coalition known as the ________________ ___________ took over Rome following Caesar’s death. The members of this coalition were ____________, __________ __________, and __________. 11. Octavian fought __________ _________ for control of the Roman Empire. ___________ won following the Battle of Actium. He soon became known as _________ _______. He laid the foundation for ________ ________ or Roman Peace.

12. The _____________ were a group of emperors who followed Augustus. They were related to Augustus or his wife Liva. They were very bad or corrupt leaders. They were followed by the ________ ________