This assignment is about postural and musculoskeletal dysfunction in the human body. In this assignment analysing, discussing and stating facts about people’s postures and dysfunctions will be taken into a lot of consideration and described in major detail. Researches show that posture is relative disposition of the body at any one moment, a composite of the positions of different joints of the body at that moment in time; it may be regarded as the configuration of the body's head, trunk and limbs in space or as a ‘quasi static biomechanical alignment (Rohmert and Mainzer, 1986). Correct posture is the position in which minimum stress is applied to each joint.
Posture is known to be the position in which you hold your body upright against gravity while standing, sitting or lying down (Rohmert and Mainzer, 1986). Good posture involves training your body to stand, walk, sit and lie in positions where the least strain is placed on supporting muscles and ligaments during movement or weight-bearing activities. Researches show correct posture is when maximal biomechanical efficiency occurs and minimal stress on ligaments and strain on muscles Johnson, J. (2012).
It has been suggested that correct posture; Keeps bones and joints in the correct alignment so that muscles are being used properly, helps decrease the abnormal wearing of joint surfaces that could result in arthritis, decreases the stress on the ligaments holding the joints of the spine together, prevents the spine from becoming fixed in abnormal positions prevents fatigue because muscles are being used more efficiently, allowing the body to use less energy, prevents strain or overuse problems, prevents backache and muscular pain and also contributes to a good appearance Petty, N.J.(2011).
Signs and symptoms of bad posture are known to be:
Visible- Rounded or uneven shoulders, slouching, forward or tilted head, extended stomach, hyper-extended (locked) knees, flat back or military posture, scoliosis, upper back “hump”, rotated or un-level hips, feet angled inwards or outwards, “knock knees” or bow-legged Johnson, J. (2012).
Physical – Headaches, backache, muscle fatigue, degenerating painful joints, poor gait, decreased range of motion, increased tension, muscle imbalance, sleep disturbances or arthritis Johnson, J. (2012).
Johnson, J. (2012 suggested that the common causes for poor posture are Hyper lordosis, slouching, high-heel shoes, flat feet, fallen arches, scoliosis, muscular imbalance, poor body position held at work, previous injury, pregnancy, muscle weakness, and asthma or other respiratory problems.
The way to improve these postural problems would be obtain massage which can facilitate the correction of muscle imbalance, and prepare you to participate in an active lifestyle, try do self-awareness training, change your footwear on a regular basis, and use correct ergonomics at work and at home Engage in a stretch and strength program outlined by your Massage Practitioner.
Also when walking, shoulders should be relaxed and back, and arms should swing naturally with each step.
Upper cross syndrome (UCS) Upper Crossed Syndrome (UCS) is described as a muscle imbalance pattern located at the head and shoulder regions Hertling D & Kessler R. (2006). It is most often found in individuals who work at a desk or who sit for a majority of the day and continuously exhibit poor posture Hertling D & Kessler R. (2006). Vladimir Janda, MD, an expert in the research of muscle imbalances, characterized Upper Crossed Syndrome by over activity of the upper trapezius, elevator scapulae, sternocleidomastoid and pectorals muscles, and reciprocal weakness of the deep cervical flexors, lower trapezius & serratus anterior.
Researches show that this imbalance of the muscles at the head and shoulder regions will result in postural changes and