Essay Physical Geology Test Review

Submitted By speirs123
Words: 487
Pages: 2

Review – Test 1
Each page is designed to see if you know the material.
Ask yourself- what is it or describe it Physical Geology is the study of Earth’s materials, changes of the surface and interior of the Earth, and the forces that cause those changes
Know these terms:
Volcanology
Seismology

PALEONTOLOGY
ARCHAEOLOGY

If it can’t be grown, it must be mined (What Does that mean to you?)

Geologic Hazards: name several
Birth of Modern Geology
Catastrophism/ Uniformitarianism
James Hutton = The present is the key to the past

The Scientific method- 4 steps
Question,
Observation,
Hypothesis(educated Guess) and testing, Theory/ Scientific law

Earth’s Interior
Compositional Layers (4)= Crust,
Mantle, Outer Core, Inner Core
Mechanical Layers(2)= lithosphere,
Asthenosphere

Three main rock groups
1. Igneous= fire made(from molten material)
2. Sedimentary= layered
3. Metamorphic- changed
Minerals are the building blocks of rocks

Who is this?

PANGAEA
Used to prove his theory?
Why no one believed him?

Eurasia

N America

S America

India
Africa
Australia
Antarctica

3 types of plate boundaries:
Divergent
Convergent
Transformed
(Be able to give examples of each)

Seismic Activity along Plate boundaries

Seismic Activity around the Ring of Fire

Heat from the core causes Convection
Currents

Boundary
Convergent

Divergent

Transformed

Type of Plate
Boundary
Continent
To
Continent

Geologic Event

Resulting
Features

Modern
Examples

Ocean
To
Ocean

Crust is folded, bent-Mountain
Building
Subduction =
Friction, meltingVolcanism
Subduction =
Friction, melting
Volcanism
Crust fractures
Magma rises at
Rift,
Volcanism
Seafloor
Spreading,
Volcanism

Continent
To
Continent

Crust is
Deformed, bent, folded Crust Deformed
Along the fault, buckling San Andreas
Fault

Ocean
To
Ocean

Earthquakes
Possible Tsunami

Offset Oceanic
Ridges,

East Pacific
Rise

Continent
To
Ocean
Ocean
To
Ocean
Continent
To
Continent

Mountains

Himalayas

Mountains,
Ocean Trenches

Andes

Island Arcs,
Ocean Trenches

Western Aleutians

Rift Valleys

East African
Rift

Mid…