Plato Plato is one of the pupils of Socrates and is credited to leaving behind the most substantial philosophical writings to influence posterity. He uses to reason to explain why things are the way they are in the human mind and in the community. In this excerpt from Plato he reasons to answer some questions regarding morality and immorality. The first thing that Plato discusses is about a prisoner who has always been in darkness and only been able to see shadows. He talks about the transition from light to dark and how one would like to be exposed more to what they are used to. He says that the mind can be confused in two ways: the transition from light to darkness, and the transition from darkness to light. The mind cannot make out some of the things that it sees if such a transition were to occur. Plato then goes on to describe what he believes is morality. Plato thinks that every person in a community has a certain skill set that they should use to help to benefit all of the other people in the community. His definition of morality is one doing one’s own job and not intruding on anyone else’s job in a community. Plato goes on to say that immorality is when one person in one class intrudes on the duties of a person in another class. He gives the example of a policy maker and a soldier, saying that if these two occupations were to change duties that it would be disastrous for the community. Plato then discusses the different parts of the mind, the passionate part, the irrational part, and the rational…
Similar to the other ancient philosophers, Plato remains a virtue based eudemonistic thought of ethics. As many defined that Rhetoric is the art of discourse. It is believed to be the important element to keep writer or speaker to reach the purpose of inform, persuade, and motivate with particular audience. In addition, rhetoric has played a crucial role in the Western tradition in the past many decades. Plato is one of the people that made huge contributions on rhetoric has…
Roots of Early Philosophy in Psychology
The roots of early philosophy are the initial study of understanding; it is therefore the core of psychology, which is used to motivate an individual’s thoughts, feelings, and actions to understand behavior. Philosophy relates to how an individual’s experiences through understanding with no emotions. Therefore, one understands of how both philosophy and psychology can correlate with each other, even…
History of Psychology
September 23, 2013
Psychology was born from the ideas of early philosophers such as Plato. These philosophers paved the way for future philosophers and psychologists. The early ideas were built upon to create a science to explain mental processes and behavior. The field of psychology underwent many important changes during the 19th century, including the first psychological laboratories in Germany and in…
or punishment may be? All these questions are imperative that it be answered, that is why I shall aim to dive deep into this phenomenon using Plato as my mouthpiece allowing us to arrive at a solution. Hence, in order to start solving these questions we first need to understand “what is justice” (socratic elenchus), what is the definition of justice?
Plato in “The Republic” defines justice in such a manner that enables him to defeat two challenges or problems that he is faced with; he must prove…
retribution or social punishment? Or is it regardless of its rewards and punishments? Greek philosopher Plato seeks to answer these compelling questions in his works The Republic. After criticizing the conventional theories of justice presented differently by intellectuals Cephalus, Plymarchus, Thrasymachus and Glaucon, Socrates gives his theory of justice according to which it is a sort of specialization (Plato, p.14). Individually, justice is a human virtue that makes a person self-consistent and “good”;…
In the beginning of this argument (Plato and Zeyl 39), the question from Socrates to Polus is which is worse, doing what’s unjust or suffering it? Polus responds that suffering is worse and Socrates proceeds to ask which is more shameful doing what is unjust or suffering from it. Polus says doing what is unjust is more shameful which leads Socrates to ask if doing an injustice is more shameful then shouldn’t it be worse. Polus states that is not the case which leads Socrates to believe that Polus…
Aristotle was a Greek philosopher, also known as the teacher of Alexander the Great.He was the student
of Plato and was considered to be an important figure in Western Philosophy. Famous for his writings on physics,
metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, linguistics, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology, he
was an extremely intellectual and educated being. He is also among the first person to set a comprehensive system of
• What does Plato want to prove with these three arguments?
Plato wants to prove the error of skepticism and relativism
• What are the Platonic Forms?
The forms are not anything we can smell, taste, touch, or see, but that is not to say they are unreal or imaginary.
You can’t know what is not, for the simple reason that in that case there is not anything there to know. You can only know what is; if you do know something, there must be something in reality for you to know
Plato agrees with Parmenides…
Chapter 1-The Science of Psychology
Section 1-Defining Psychology and Exploring Its Roots
Psychology-scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
3 terms in definition-science, behavior, mental processes
Science-systematic methods to observe human behavior and draw conclusions
Goals of psychological science-describe, predict, and explain behavior
Psychologists are wanting to control or change the behavior of the patient.
Example: Reduce violence or promote happiness.
Socrates & Plato
Knowledge is not preexisting
Scientist and philosopher
Hypothesized brain activity
1st psychology lab