Essay on Policy process

Submitted By cwood721
Words: 961
Pages: 4

The Policy Process: Formulation, Legislation and Implementation
October 6, 2014
Pediatricians urge IUDs or Implants for teen age girls as opposed to other birth control methods. The IUDs is a small “T” shape plastic with copper and hormonal (Mirena or Skyla) that is inserted into the uterus to help prevent unwanted pregnancy. The IUD blocks the sperm from meeting up with the eggs. The copper IUD is effective for 12 years and the hormonal with two different brands. The Mirena brand is effected for five years and the Skyla is effective for three years. This devices need to be inserted by a licensed physician. The cost can be zero to one thousand of a onetime payment. The percentage of prevented pregnancy is 1 out of 100 women. Another great benefit for the use of the IUD is the less cramps and lighter periods and some women don’t have periods at all.
The Implant is a small piece of plastic that is inserted under the skin in the inner upper arm. The implant releases hormones progestin which help keep the body from releasing the eggs into the ovaries therefore the egg will not meet up with the sperm. The implant helps prevent pregnancy for three years and the effeteness is 1 out 100 women.
These two bill control methods have proven to have the most effectiveness when it comes to preventing pregnancy. According to, Women using birth control pills may have a 20 times greater risk of an unplanned pregnancy than women using longer-acting forms of birth control like an intrauterine device (IUD) or implant, new research shows. Birth control pills with short term prescriptions can counteract causing the birth control pills to not work. Studies show that there is a large amount of unwanted pregnancies that were caused by contraceptive failure.
The large amount of unwanted pregnancies are among the young women, ages ranging from 12 to 19 years old. In the Formulation stage there are two things that need to happen, such as agenda setting and legislative development. With the agenda there has to a policy target using the heath problem at hand. The topic here would be: The encouragement use for IUDs and Implants for number one birth control with in young women can help prevent unwanted pregnancies. It is much more cost effective in the government compared to providing, prenatal care, abortions, or health care insurance for young mother and new baby (Medicaid). The United States has the highest rate of teen pregnancy over other developed countries. According to , Not all teen births are first births, in 2013, almost one in six (17 percent) births to 15- to 19-year-olds were to females who already had one or more babies.
The stakeholders here are OBGYN doctors that do inserts the IUDs and implants on a routine basis. Also the parents of young teenage girl that can be sexually active, IUD and implant companies that can gain a high interest in products. The legislative development stage is when the bill is introduced in congress “either the House of Representative of the Senate is assigned to a congressional committee by the speaker of the house or the majority leader in the Senate” (shi, L. (2014). Then upon committee approval the bill is scheduled for congressional consideration, and then bill is passed in Congress. After the bill is passed the bill is presented to the president and hope he signs the bill into law.
Once legislation is signed into law it moves forward to the correct agency for implementation stage. In this matter the agencies involved would be the US Department of Health and Human Services, Planned Parenthood, Medicaid, IUDs, Implant companies, and health care insurance companies. Of course the parents of young adults who believe their children can be