Through the millions and possibly billions of court cases that arrive with the times, similar questions are constantly being presented before the judges and juries of America. These questions are similar in how they approach the issue of constitutionalism. In cases ranging from murder to misdemeanor charges, and everything in between, the continuous theme is that of the matters involving all precedents, legalities, discretions, and most importantly, founders’ intentions. In the Supreme Court case Bowsher v. Synar, I find myself in agreeance with Chief Justice Burger’s opinion of the court for his overall thesis being in agreement with those similar ideologies, principles, and values held by that of our founding fathers. Aside from the founding fathers’ philosophies, there are a plethora of principles proving the opinion of the Court to be a correct interpretation of the constitution in the language of agency appointment responsibilities. It is explicitly expressed that the President has these powers, while the umbrella principle of all unassigned roles being given to the Congress, is a bit more of a stretch as well as an excuse for Congressional breaching of power. Another key element that calls for the agreement with the opinion is the Madison idea of “mingling of the Executive and Legislative branches of government in one body”1 to be an argument most “plausibly grounded against the Constitution.”2 This indeed proves that Synar’s, and others, reasoning behind their accusations of the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings act being unconstitutional is false on the grounds that violating this act violates the Separation of Powers Doctrine. To furthermore the sustenance of Chief Justice Chief Justice Burger’s opinion, a closer look at many key figures, aside from the founders, throughout history and their governmental beliefs being aligned with that of the opinion. These facts and many others will prove the overall situation of Constitutional powers, delegated to particular branches, to rule in favor of the Executive and call the breach that is found in the Congressional seeking of declaratory relief to be disorderly in regards to the founders’ intentions. The power of executing the law is, out rightly, without question, a duty of the president of the United States as well as fellow executive officers. To better understand any particular case at hand, a little imagination is needed. Attempt to envision Madison, Adams, Hamilton, and even Jefferson in the courtroom, gavel in hand. With this though process, a few grey areas of interpretation become clear. One of these newly found, clearer projections is that of the purposes found in the Constitutional Convention. Application of Constitutional Conventional arguments to modern court cases is quite easy considering the founders’ brilliance already disputed these same principles. Fortunately, there was a clear winner in the Convention, and there has been no true appeal to our Constitution, only amendments to adjust with the changing times. This factual and historical evidence of the Federalists proving themselves to have the right ingredients for the rigid, and at the time discombobulated, United States displays a lesson to learn. This lesson is that there is no greater precedent in American court cases than our references to the Constitutional Convention. This ideology may seem obvious, but application of this argument is not that easy. We must fully compromise the focal point and central theme the federalists supplied for our nation. This theme is a creation of a document that can heal the country of its tremendous wounds suffered from a rushed, weak, unprepared, and flimsy Articles of Confederation. Their solution was a strong, collective, fast acting, and most importantly energetic federal government headed by a president. This history lesson is more than acknowledgeable in regards to Bowsher v. Synar due to Chief Justice Burger’s opinion and its awareness of the standards found
changed had Hamilton survived the duel with Burr. In some ways, dying at the hands of Burr cemented Hamilton’s legacy. He was a martyr killed at the hand of the murderer Aaron Burr. He is remembered as the brilliant first Secretary of the Treasury of our country.
Some suggest that Hamilton would have risen in politics had he survived the duel. Some may even say he would have won the presidency rather than James Madison. I disagree with this suggestion. Hamilton had the opportunity to run for president…
religion, integrity, honesty, and was appealing to the younger crowd because of his age became a starter point to involving all younger generations into politics. Due to all the improvements to the U.S made during his short term, including Moon Landing, Voting Rights, and Public Debates, JFK became one of the most memorable presidents along with the founding fathers of our beloved country.
The start of JFK’s life was not a typical one. He was surrounded by wealth, but not even all the money in the world…
elected as the Massachusetts delegate as the first congress to the colonies. Later known as the the Continental Congress. He was a famous and sometimes controversial figure in American Politics. He was elected Vice President for two terms(1788 and 1792) and then President in 1796. His lovely wife Abigail is best remembered for urging her husband to "Remember the Ladies." When John was working on the Declaration of Independence she urged him to be more generous to the ladies than to his ancestors. Although…
fine and great with the new America, a large portion of the society remained in the shadows, their voice unheard, and their representation denied. So despite the strong emphasis on the ideals of equality and liberty placed on this country by the founding fathers, the newly forged “American Identity” left out a large portion of society in the form of the slave, the woman and the person from the lower classes. Through this, representation and a say in government was effectively restricted the landowners/white…
that (unlike his works on political theory) were both popular and widely known in his lifetime. Still, politics remained his main passion and, to satisfy this interest, he maintained a well-known correspondence with better politically connected friends, attempting to become involved once again in political life
Machiavelli's best-known book, Il Principe, contains several maxims concerning politics, but instead of the more traditional subject of a hereditary prince, it concentrates on the possibility…
political, social and economic reforms. Political reformation was created with the goal to overall end government corruption and enable citizenry, like in the Oregon Populists party movement. “Muckrackers” wrote about things such as exposing venal politics and scandalous social problems. Social reformation helped the people in penury, and the needy (people who have been shown injustice). There were many forms of this: ranging from women’s suffrage, to labor movements, railroad unions, as well as, many…
difficulty of separating Socrates from Plato and the difficulty of interpreting even the dramatic writings concerning Socrates. Consequently, distinguishing the philosophical beliefs of Socrates from those of Plato and Xenophon is not easy and it must be remembered that what is attributed to Socrates might more closely reflect the specific concerns of these thinkers.
The matter is complicated because the historical Socrates seems to have been notorious for asking questions but not answering, claiming to lack…
public speaking and humanitarian work. Clinton created the William J. Clinton Foundation to address international causes such as the prevention of AIDS and global warming. In 2004, he published his autobiography My Life. He has remained active in politics by campaigning for Democratic candidates, most notably for his wife's campaign for the 2008 Democratic presidential nomination, and then Barack Obama's presidential campaigns in 2008 and 2012. In 2009, he was named United Nations Special Envoy to…
mostly talking about capitalism.
Advertising promoting patriarchal societies.
ii. Really he was talking about capitalism
i. Advertisers control: budget/ creative decisions
ii. No advertisers control: environment/ economy/ Society/ politics
III. Advertiser Dilemmas
a. Economic context
b. Social context
c. Ethical Issues
d. Legal context (not until last exam)
Main goal of advertising & PR is to influence attitude and behavior.
Must answer to a variety of…
Cinematographer Bert Glennon’s films shared dramatic visual similarities with the work of what American photographer?
What subject matter is Matthew Brady remembered for photographing?
What was Jackson’s purpose in accompanying Hayden’s geological survey?
to advertise the land to potential investors