1. From an anthropological perspective, each individual person is formed
by their biological make-up.
through their own psychological experiences.
through the interaction of their biological make up and life experiences.
by their life experiences.
1. The forms that people give to their material objects are
determined primarily by the materials available.
the result of the interaction of utilitarian function and aesthetic style.
completely arbitrary and spontaneous.
very similar across cultures within any given historical period.
1. Globalization is
an exclusively economic issue.
a continuing process that began at least 500 years ago.
an issue Americans have been concerned about throughout the 20th century.
all of these are true of globalization
1. What is the purpose of anthropological research?
to develop an all encompassing theory of humanity
to record descriptions of the cultures of specific peoples and explain cultural diversity
to discover evidence in order to solve the debate between creationism and evolutionism
to explain the stages of cultural develop that all people go through
1. In what way is language critical to humanity?
Language played a role in shaping biological evolution.
Language makes it possible to communicate abstract ideas.
Social learning would be impossible without language.
All of these are reasons language is critical to humanity.
1. Which of these statements best describes culture from the perspective of anthropology?
Culture is strongly related to level of education.
Culturally sophisticated people have higher status than others.
Culture is socially transmitted.
The culture of some groups is often better than that of others.
1. What is a lingua franca?
a local dialect with fewer than 500 speakers
a second language learned to permit communication between speakers of different languages
the native language of the second- and third-generation of speakers
a form of language the develops when speakers of different languages first come into contact
1. Anthropologists use a classification system for the amount of inequality in a society, developed by Morton Fried. In this system
the categories refer to all types of inequality, including that based on gender, age and ethnicity.
the categories are more points along a continuum; most societies fit somewhere between these specific points.
the categories are caste, class, and egalitarian.
all of these are true of Fried’s classification scheme.
1. According to the text, perhaps the most unique characteristic of the discipline of anthropology is
that anthropologists teach in addition to doing fieldwork.
the limited range of topics for study.
1. Anthropologists studying inequality are interested in how culturally valued material and social rewards are unevenly distributed. Cross-culturally, these rewards
vary in form from one society to another.
generally fall into one of three basic categories.
are valued to varying degrees within different societies.
all of these are true of material and social rewards.
1. How has globalization changed the nature of ethnic conflict?
Ethnic groups have become concentrated in smaller and smaller areas.
Conflict has become very localized in just a few regions in the world.
Communication and transportation enable ethnic groups to strike enemies anywhere in the world.
All of these are ways in which globalization has changed ethnic conflict.
1. Matrilineal descent