Civil Rights – Chapter16 page 438
1. What issues were raised with respect to Elizabeth Brose in the Seattle school case?
The issues raised were busing and integrating students into schools based on their race, without a court order. Parents who’s children were placed into the unfavorable school of their liking complained. Eventually Brose and pursued the case in the courts.
2. How did the Supreme Court rule in this education case?
In this education case the Supreme court ruled that Seattle had not shown that the goal of racial integration justified the method it used which relied solely on race (white or nonwhite). The vote was 5-4 against the state.
a. What did Chief Justice Roberts write? Do you agree with him? Explain.
He wrote “The way to stop discrimination on the basis of race is to stop discriminating on the basis of race”. I agree with him because the school system solely used race to determine what school the child will attend without using any other individualized assessment.
3. What is meant by -
a. “Natural” or human rights
The rights of all people to dignity and worth
b. Equal rights Everyone is allowed to do the same things and not do the same things we have equal rights.
c. Equal opportunity Everyone should have equal opportunity regardless of race, ethnic origin, religion, gender and sexual orientation
4. What is the importance of citizenship rights, particularly concerning immigration and the war on terror?
Everyone born in the United States gains citizenship. Regarding immigration one can have dual citizenship as parents may be from the US and the child born elsewhere or vice versa. To become a citizen one must live in the US for a certain amount of time and take a test which most US citizens can’t even pass themselves. During times of war rights of citizenship have been curbed. The Enemy Alien Act of 1978 authorizes the president to expel or detain citizens from the country of which we are at war. Regarding the war on terrorism Bush issued orders about enemy combatants to send them to detentions.
5. Compare and Contrast the Struggle for Equal Rights/ Protections by These Groups
1860’s and 1870’s congress passed civil rights laws to provide educational and social services for freed slaves.
During WWI they began to migrate north to seek jobs in war factories. The Great depression and WWII helped as they made social gains.
By the 1930’s the began challenging the segregation in the courts and civil rights beginning with BrownvBoard. Riots, Reactions have helped them seek their rights.
1848 Seneca Falls Womens Rights convention in 1848 launched women’s movement to help abolish slavery and seek womens rights. By the turn of the twentieth century women’s rights were on their way. They were victorious in western states finally in 1919 the 19th amendment was proposed. Women won the right to vote in 1920 with this ratification. Later in 1970-1980’s they fought for the equal rights amendment. Continue to fight on things like sexual harassment.
Many Hispanics are bilingual however English is not the first language of many immigrants so it has been difficult for some to do well in school or become professionals. They have experienced the same kinds of discrimination in employment, education, housing, access to public accommodations. In 2001 California became the first state in which white people are a minority.
This describes 10 million people from many different countries. They have faced lots of discrimination, barriers to equal opportunity and during WWII they experienced lots of racial prejudice including Japanese- Americans being sent to camps and losing lots of times all of their items as we were at war with them. Chinese Americans were the first Asians in the US. They worked in mines on railroads and farms. They experienced many economic and cultural fears by Whites.