The Challenges of Immigration Reform in the United States Immigration reform is a term used to describe initiatives taken to make changes to immigration policies. The focus is on the number of legal and illegal immigrants in a country. There are two sides to the initiatives being made, one in support and one in opposition. These sides are based on the beliefs and ideals of the individuals of the specific country in which the reforms are being made. The beliefs and ideals of Catholic Social Teachings, the Scriptures, and the common American understanding of justice and equality before the law dictate the side of the initiatives. Immigration reform in the United States has faced many challenges over the years. More specifically, immigration reform has failed many times in the United States for various reasons. Because of these failures, reforms needs to be overhauled. With a foundation of Catholic Social Teachings, and a common understanding of justice, changes can be made to find a resolution of the attempts of reformation that have resulted in failure. Only through unification and understanding can immigration reform be successful. Catholic Social teachings are a complex, yet simplistic perspective on Christian social justice. Catholic social teachings are the Catholic Church’s expression of its perception of what they believe God says about the responsibilities of human beings. Its purpose is to promote a life of faith and love for all, resulting in actions being taken to fulfill this belief of equality, love and justice. This means that it is our civic duty as Christians to aid those in need, such as immigrants, in any way that we can. Whether it is by raising social awareness or taking the initiative to make reforms that are successful, anything and everything helps. In other words, the mission of the church is to proclaim the good news, to celebrate sacraments, and to care for the needy (Mich). As Christians we can’t pick and choose among these commands; as we live out our lives, we must include all three (Mich). There are seven parts to Catholic social teachings. These parts include; life and dignity of the a human person, call to family, community and participation, rights and responsibilities, option for the vulnerable, dignity of work and worker’s rights, solidarity, and caring for God’s creation. In order to do these things, we must learn by example and take action. We must care, provide, welcome, protect, present, and participate. This is our duty as God’s creations. But, there are many challenges to carrying out Catholic social teachings. These challenges include; society and culture, money-theism, and systematic injustice among many other things. Society and culture past and present have affected the way in which we as individuals deal with our day to day lives. The US is a consumer society, one in which individuals go along with the expectations of society, finding the separation of religion and culture to be difficult. Society offers a bombardment of the cultural mantras of work and spending (Mich). This goes against the gospel, and the basis of the catholic social teachings. Individualism, violence, and materialism have taken the forefront over community and interdependency. No one cares, protects, provides or welcomes others, such as the immigrants. Immigration reform is then placed on the backburner, with empty promises for support and change. Money-theism is focus on monetary gain. This is related to the ideals of the consumer society. In that, Americans idolize monetary gain, rather than Christ. They believe that immigration reform could possibly hinder this. Thus, they choose not to make any reformations. This creates a snare of wealth. This is when people set their minds and hearts on physical rather than spiritual riches, when their frame of reference centers them not on the love of God but on the lover of capital gain (Groody). If the focus is not on the love of God, then how can they aid…
Sociologist define religion as a cultural system of commonly shared beliefs and rituals that provides a sense of meaning and purpose by creating an idea of reality that is sacred, all encompassing, and super natural(Durkheim 1965, orig.1912;Berger 1967;Wuthnow 1988). Theism is known as a belief in one or more supernatural deities and is often mistaken as the basics to most religions but, this isn’t always the case. For example, Buddhism holds the belief in…
tradition. Provide the foundation for all religious interpretations of peace
How sacred texts and principal teachings assist the quest for inner peace
Guidelines for ethical living
Support for adherents in their personal and communal lives
Norms for the contribution of religious traditions to local and global peace
How the teachings found in sacred texts contribute to an adherents knowledge on how to respond to world peace
(opposition to the corruption of the clergy)
The Importance of Religion in 1500
Societies of western Europe were dominated by religion.
Society was organised due to religion.
power was shared between 2 authorities.
political power was held by the princes and religious power by the
Church, led by the Pope in Rome.
The outlook of most people on their lives was influenced by religion.
people deeply interested in ‘the next world’..
life on earth was short…
The Roman Catholic Church is the single largest religious body in the United States and has the oldest continual existence. Nearly one in four Americans is a member if the Catholic Church making up about 63.4 million professing Catholics. By and large, Catholics make up a sizable part of the United States’ population, living and working among people from a number of different religious beliefs. There are challenges in presenting the Gospel to staunch adherents of the Catholic faith. This presents…
rights protocol.”) - Collins Oxford Dictionary
3. Why is Euthanasia an ethical issue?
("No ethical questions are more timely more controversial than those involving human life") - Richard M. Doerflinger
The Sanctity of Life according to the Catholic Church refers to the idea that human life is sacred, argued mainly by the pro-life side in political and moral debates over such controversial issues as euthanasia.
(“The Sanctity of Life means that human life is sacred, always. It is not valued…
1 UNIT NOTES
Page 2: Aboriginal Spirituality
Page 5: Post 1945
Page 7: Judaism
page 10: marriage
Page 12: Chrisitianity
page 13: marriage
Page 18: Ethics
page 18: Christianity
page 21: Judaism
Country: term used to describe ones land which they belong to and their place of dreaming
Elders: Key persons and keepers of knowledge within Aboriginal communities
‘Elders’ – kinship and owners
‘Elders’ - leaders of large extended family
There is no absolute agreement on just what if Catholic social justice means or requires. So when discussing this topic one will certainly end up discussing morality, society and the family, economics, politics, the government and many other topics. In this paper the government’s role in Catholic social justice is analyzed.
In the United States today all levels of government are being criticized for their intrusions on the freedoms of individuals. Many claim this government interference…
Globalization of Christianity
2) In 1500, Christianity was mostly limited to Europe.
1. small communities in Egypt, Ethiopia, southern India, and Central Asia
2. serious divisions within Christianity (Roman Catholic vs. Eastern Orthodox)
3. on the defensive against Islam
a. loss of the Holy Land by 1300
b. fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans in 1453
3) Western Christendom Fragmented:…
Religion and Belief Systems in Australia post-1945
1901-1945 religious makeup of population is hardly changed → predominately Anglo-Celtic Christian.
0.5 % profess non-Christian religions.
Migration to Australia after WWII drastically alters religious landscape.
Contemporary Aboriginal Spirituality
Aboriginal Spirituality as determined by the Dreaming
Complex network of relationships defining identity, rights, obligations.
Defines and individuals place, role and responsibility in the…
who encourage and supervise educational play rather than simply providing childcare. |
Pre-School | 4 to 5 | Department of Education | Learning through play & other experiences, Arts, language development, early mathematical experiences, personal social & emotional development, physical development & the world around us. | Early years funding was introduced in 2006, this is a free part-time nursery, children are entitled to 5 two hour sessions per week for 38 weeks a year. Participation for pre-school…