Essay on Round 5 One Pagers

Submitted By rli1223
Words: 2033
Pages: 9

Round 5 One Pagers
Date Due: 4/15/2013 1. Industrialization 1750-1900 a. Industrialization Changed How goods were produced. Provide a detailed example showing how each of the following factors led to the rise of industrialization: i. Europe’s location along the Atlantic gave them access to the new world. ii. Distribution of coal, iron, and timber provided fuel for new industrial productions. iii. Europe’s demographic changes led to population growth which resulted in better crops for more reliable food sources. iv. Urbanization led to more people looking for work in the factories in cities. v. Improved agricultural productivity led to technological advances in farming equipment such as the steam engine. vi. An abundance of rivers & canals made for more efficient and widespread transportation of goods. vii. The accumulation of capital caused warfare, which led to new war technologies. viii. Fossil Fuels were used to fuel machines. ix. The factory system led to an increase in specialization of labor. The putting out system is contracted by a central agent to subcontractors who complete the work in off-site places. x. The second industrial revolution led to new methods on the production of steel, chemicals, and electricity. b. Capitalism vs. Marxism: Compare and contrast the two major economic theories. Who devised them? What are they? Where were they popular? Impact on society? Examples of state sponsored industrialization vs. private industrialization. xi. Capitalism is a social system based on individual rights. Marxism fights for the self-emancipation of the working class. Marxism was founded by Karl Marx. Capitalism is a system of objective laws, and economically, when such freedom is applied to production it results in the free-market. Marxism is based on a materialist understanding of social development. c. Role of the following in communication and transportation: (Examples) xii. Railroads increased the transportation of goods. xiii. Steamships increased world trade and connected the eastern and western hemispheres. xiv. Telegraphs provided communication that wasn’t limited to the speed of ships. xv. Canals allowed further use of boats for transportation of goods. d. Reflection: What factors sparked industrialization? Why did it occur in some areas over others? Compare and contrast United States industrialization vs. Japanese industrialization. xvi. The spark of industrialization happened because of the need for new technologies and urbanization, although there were still areas of more rural land that weren’t as advanced. The U.S. industrial revolution happened before and slower than the Japanese Revolution. 2. Imperialism and Nation State Formation e. Transoceanic empires: Create a world map that shows the following nations and their empires by 1914: f. Provide 2 detailed example for each of the following: xvii. Britain invaded West Africa, and the Belgians invaded the Congo. xviii. The British made settler colonies in Southern Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. xix. The British and French expanded their influence in China through the Opium War. The British & The U.S. invested heavily in Latin America. g. Imperialism impacting new State formation: Provide 1 detailed example for each xx. The U.S. & Russia emulated European trans oceanic imperialism by expanding their land borders and conquering neighboring territories. xxi. Anti-Imperial resistance led to the contraction of the Ottoman Empire. xxii. The development &spread of Nationalism as an ideology fostered new communal identities. h. New Racial Ideologies impacting imperialism: Provide an example for the