Also knows as the ‘public’ sector, it includes health, social care and education services that are provided by the state and funded by the Government. Health Services in the Statutory Sector;
The NHS was launched in 1948 and has grown to become the world’s largest publicly funded health service. It was created because most people agreed that good healthcare should be available to all, despite wealth. It still prides itself on that principle. The NHS provides free care for anyone who is a resident in the UK with the exception of charges for some prescriptions and optical and dental services throughout England. It covers everything from antenatal screening and routine treatments for coughs and colds to open heart surgery, accident and emergency treatment and end-of-life care.
Although it is funded mainly from national taxation, its services in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales are run individually. Although some differentiation has surfaced between these systems in recent years, they remain similar in most respects and continue to be grouped together as one system.
Social Services in the Statutory Sector
Provided by the local authority, the Social Service departments aim is to support all individuals within the community, meeting their needs in regards to social care and well-being. These needs may range from providing support for individuals to become more independent in their homely surroundings, to care and support for adults, families and children.
Services that Social Services Provide to Adults; * Older People * People with sensory, learning or physical disabilities * Mental health * Day care services * Residential and Nursing Home care * Support in the home
Services that Social Services Provide to Children; * Intake and Early Assessment * Family Support Service * Looked After Children Service * Leaving Care Service * Children with Disability Service * Family Support Centre * Child Protection Services * Rapid Response Support Service * Advocacy * Youth Offending Service * Fostering and Adoption Service * Family Link Service
Children’s Services in the Statutory Sector;
The Private Sector
The Voluntary Sector
The voluntary sector or community sector is the sphere of social activity undertaken by organizations that are not for profit and non-governmental. It is a term used to describe those organisations that focus on wider public benefit as opposed to statutory service delivery or profit. They are also known as Third Sector or not for profit organisations.
The voluntary sector has many dimensions. Registered charities are probably the largest single category, and include some of the best known voluntary organisations in the UK but the sector also includes small informal community groups, for example a number of local residents getting together to clear litter from public spaces; not-for- profit community business or community interest companies and credit unions. Most voluntary organisations of any size will also have a paid staff of permanent employees.
The term voluntary sector normally applies solely to organisations such as these. However there are many other opportunities for volunteers to get involved, such as public sector organisations like schools who will have voluntary boards of governors, Parent Teacher Associations etc., and hospitals who may have patients’ associations, hospital radio stations etc. all run by volunteers. Some statutory organisations make considerable use of volunteers, for example the magistracy, where non-stipendiary Justices of the Peace are unpaid, and Youth Offending Services which recruit unpaid community representatives to help administer Referral Orders.
The dimensions of the voluntary sector
Because voluntary sector organisations are heterogeneous and range from small informal