Essay on Skeletal/Muscular System

Submitted By Sherrianne123
Words: 812
Pages: 4

Medical Terminology

Skeletal/Muscular System
The skeletal system of 206 bones that make up the internal framework of the body called the skeleton. The skeleton supports the body, protects internal organs, serves a point of attachment for skeletal muscles for body movement, procedures blood cells, and stores minerals. A disorder or disease in the skeletal system is a compound fracture. A compound fracture is a fracture in which broken bone fragments lacerate soft tissue and protrude through an open wound in the skin. To determine what kind of diagnostic procedure to do the physician makes the diagnosis with physical examination and diagnostic tests. During the examination the physician obtains a complete medical history of the person and asks how the injury occurred. On a Compound fracture the doctor would do a computed tomography scan (Also called a CT or CAT scan.). A diagnostic imaging procedure that uses a combination of x-rays and computer technology to produce cross-sectional images (often called slices); both horizontally and vertically, of the body. A CT scan shows detailed images of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat, and organs. CT scans are more detailed than general x-rays. The therapeutic procedure that may be done to an open fracture is arthrodesis procedure. An arthrodesis procedure is a procedure that stabilizes a joint by fusing the bones together. The type of treatment will depend on the kind of fracture and the specific bones involved. Casting after the broken bones have been manipulated back into their proper positions, a plaster or fiberglass cast is applied to keep the bones from moving while they heal. Fractures usually heal in about four to six weeks, but some can take several months depending on the extent of the injury and how well you follow rehab instructions. Casts or braces are often removed before complete healing to prevent joint stiffness. Pain usually decreases before the fracture is solid enough to handle a complete return to sports, so working with a therapist on a rehab protocol is important to avoid further injury. Once the bone is healed and strong, it's safe to begin muscle building. During the disuse, the muscles will have atrophied and be extremely weak. Tendons and ligaments may also be stiff from a lack of use. Rehabilitation involves flexibility, balance and strengthening exercises and a gradually increase of activity. Physical therapy is the preferred method of safely getting back into sports. Pharmacology for a compound fracture; the doctor may give you ibuprofen or Aleve for the pain depending on the age of the patient.

The muscular system is an organ system consisting of skeletal, smooth and cardiac muscles. It permits movement of the body, maintains posture, and circulates blood throughout the body. One of the disease or disorder in the skeletal system is called the hypertonia. Hypertonia is a condition in which there is too much muscle tone so that arms or legs, for example, are stiff and difficult to move. Muscle tone is regulated by signals that travel from the brain to the nerves and tell the muscle to contract. Hypertonia happens when the regions of the…