The Spectrum of Life
Peter Aubusson • Eileen Kennedy • Peter Hickman
253 Normanby Road, South Melbourne, Victoria 3205, Australia
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© Peter Aubusson, Eileen Kennedy and Peter Hickman 2004
First published 2000
This edition first published 2004
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Biology in context: the spectrum of life.
Years 11 & 12 students.
ISBN 0 19 555033 1.
ISBN 0 19 555032 3 (Genetics option).
ISBN 0 19 555030 7 (Communication option).
1. Biology. 2. Biology—Experiments. 3. Biology—
Examinations, questions, etc. 4. Biology—Problems, exercises, etc. I. Kennedy, E. (Eileen). II. Hickman,
Peter. III. Title.
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Printed by Bookpac Production Services, Singapore
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University Press, GPO Box 2784Y,
Melbourne, VIC 3001, or firstname.lastname@example.org Contents
Organisms are adapted to their environment
Ecosystems: environments, ecology and communities
The distribution and abundance of organisms
Factors determining distribution and abundance
Comparing the abiotic factors of terrestrial and aquatic environments
The distribution and abundance of organisms: the influence of light
The flow of energy and matter in an ecosystem
Interrelationships among organisms
Human impacts on ecosystems
Practice examination questions
Patterns in Nature
The cell theory
Unicellular and multicellular organisms
Movement of substances in and out of cells
Nutrition in living organisms
Surface area to volume ratio
How plants and animals obtain nutrients
Gas exchange in animals
Gas exchange in plants
Transport in animals
Comparing circulatory systems
Transport systems in…