Focuses on how visual language (elements of art – line, tone, texture etc. ) in an artwork can express ideas. It is a composition of selected elements; the audience can understand the visual qualities as codes, symbols and conventions; the world that influences artists and audiences include these conventions.
• Describe the visual language such as size, texture, colour, shape, lines etc.
• Discuss perspective, focal point and composition
• What is it made from? (materials)
• How has it been made? (techniques)
• What are the signs and symbols? (and how do the contribute to the meaning of the work)
Artists make structural decisions in order to communicate their ideas and interests about the world through the organisation of visual qualities, colour and compositional devices in painting, spatial relationships, and the development of a personal language of representation. The elements of art aid in conveying a meaning/story to the audience by setting a mood and consistent theme in which the audience is able to interpret.
POSTMODERN FRAME (CHARACTERISTICS)
In order to analyse and interpret an artwork the viewer takes into account the post modern and contemporary influences and how this affects the making of the artwork and the meaning of an artwork. It is used to examine how the changing context of works can influence the interpretation of an artwork.
In the postmodern frame contemporary art requires new philosophical, theoretical and interpretive frameworks. The meaning of art is understood in relation to the fragmented, shifting and transitory nature of contemporary life. Artworks may be explored as visual ‘texts’ which, through references to and traces of other ‘texts’, can challenge patterns of authority and widely held beliefs.
• Appropriation – taking something for use elsewhere
• Irony – a form of expression whose real meaning is the opposite of what is said or portrayed
• Parody – a form of imitation usually intended to be humorous
• Recontextualisation – placing something in a different framework of context
• Reinterpretation – providing a new meaning
• Satire – use of irony, sarcasm or ridicule to make a point about something
The cultural environment in which the artist has developed subject matter, conventions, style and technique is explored by the artist and audience. It shows shared beliefs and attitudes, place, time, class gender, values and technology. The focus on how ideas about a particular culture or cultures can be expressed in an artwork, or influence how an artwork is viewed.
• What cultural group, race, place, identity is being revealed?
• What ideas, concepts, beliefs are being expressed?
• What social class, gender is being examined?
• What political stance is being expressed?
• What events are significant?