State security basically entails the tendency of a nation adhering to its own set of demands in regard to the issue of security policies (Baylis, J.2010, p.233).Traditional security also involves a host of other aspects that are defined by virtue of subordination. Describing the matter further reveals that state security is primarily the protection of available institutions, ethics or values within a nation, and above all human beings living inside its boundaries (Brauch, 2003, 204). State security is therefore judged by virtue of how well a particular state can stop attacks, and at the same time defeat external threats. An example of this is Australia white Defense paper policies that were aim to build Australia’s defense strategies to
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However, relying on this approach seemingly attracts instability, since other aspects of human security are ignored. A familiar situation was witnessed in the Arab world, especially in countries like Egypt and Libya. Citizens were supposedly denied the aspect of human security that addresses their participation in crucial decision making (Alington,V.A 2011). This situation led to revolts and the specified governments were toppled. Several concepts like economic security, food security, and political security among others, form the basis of human security and help define the second approach (Archarya, A.2010, p.483). It entails the blending of several concepts to come up with a strong strategy on Security and call for a rethinking of state sovereignty as necessary part of human security.
Human security also serves the purpose of promoting security not only in terms of physical violence, but also in cases of man-made or natural calamities (Kaldor, 2008, 183). The prospects of human security have since narrowed down to the simplified form of concentrating on security for the displaced people in the society. Since most manifestations of insecurity result into displacement of people, especially women and children, human security seeks to address the issue amicably (Neil et al, 2006, 202). Aspects like recruitment of child soldiers, in African countries, and the effects on women are given first priority in this case. Human security therefore