The Fall of Rome The fall of Rome came about through a multitude of aspects, over a period of time. This decline started in the first century AD. Many contributing factors brought about the demise of Rome such as political instability, faulty decision making, weak leadership, militant failures, and the rise of Christianity. The most significant of the factors which contributed to Rome's demise would be those brought about by the Emperors of this era, most notably Diocletian and Constantine; the lack of wisdom in the Ruling of the Roman empire would lead to an eventual transfer of power to the Germanic Tribes, who would conquer Rome due to the alienation of these tribes by Roman officials and weakness of the Empire as a whole. Diocletian was the emperor who set the Roman Empire on a destructive path. He was a general who came into power through military force, which was the usual method to gain power of the empire at that time in Rome. This cycle of short lived emperors left the Roman Empire split and in conflict. Diocletian realised that the empire had grown too large for any one man to rule, little own a man who had no prior experience. His plan implemented a tetrarchy, an Emperor and 'junior emperor' for both the east and west, they were called the Augustus and Caesar after two of the greatest emperors of Rome. The Caesars were meant to take over for the Augustus after a period of twenty years, in theory a very elegant system but this ends in civil war when shortly after Constantius took over as one of the Augustus he died and his army declares his son Constantine as the new ruler rather than the Caesar who was appointed. This spurs Maximian's son Maxentius to declare himself Augustus. Constantine defeated Maxentius at the battle of Milvan Bridge. Diocletian also attempted to remedy the lack of tax revenue by forcing those who collect taxes to pay the remainder if the full amount was not collected. This policy resulted in many tax collectors leaving their position of honour. The lack of tax revenue resulted in loss of many basic social needs and services. To solve this problem Diocletian made professions hereditary, this solution caused a greater problem; if a farmer forfeited his land he would then be working for the aristocrat who acquired his land indefinitely due to the law forbidding leaving one's profession. This also sealed one's descendants into their profession also effectively deciding their economic status. The emperor also took many cues from oriental cultures and emphasized ceremonial aspects in court and government life, with emphasis on the ideology of the emperor's divine rule making the emperor to be far above the status of an ordinary mortal. Diocletian may have prolonged the life of Rome in the short term, but set the pieces in place for the death of the Roman Empire in the west. Constantine was the next Augustus to contribute to the decline of Roman life. Constantine was the first emperor to accept Christianity into the empire. He supposedly converted right before the battle at Milvan Bridge, which was significant since at this time it was still illegal to practice Christianity. Constantine was the first emperor to legalize the Christian faith and increase religious tolerance to improve stability within the empire. This led to Emperor Theodosius making Christianity the sole religion of the Roman Empire. Constantine ensured his rule by creating a large field army as well as disbanding the Praetorian Guard, who were replaced by Germanic bodyguards which signified the 'barbarians' being assimilated into the empire. The capital was also moved to the site of the old city of Byzantium, Constantine said it was the command of god, the city was named Constantinople. This broke ties with the old pagan faith and marked the beginning of the new Christian empire. This hastened collapse in the west by centralizing wealth in the east and left the west borders vulnerable, as well as migration of Germanic tribes.…
and in influence, its decline cannot be attributed to one pinpointed cause. Instead, the fall of Rome is reasoned to have occurred because of militaristic, economic, political and societal problems: some controllable, and some consequential. Specifically, disease, political and economic turmoil, and social and societal change, all attributed to the downward spiral of the Roman Empire.
After the fall of Rome, anarchy took place in the parts of Europe that it occupied. During this anarchy, civilization…
The Fall of Rome
When most people hear about a great empire, the first thing they do is think of Rome. Rome has a rich history and it all started with one man, Alexander the Great. Sadly, all good things have to come to an end and Rome eventually fell into a downward spiral. Although Greece was conquered, Rome still had a little life in it but declined over hundreds of years due to uncaring citizens, slaves, and welfare.
Rome, like every society, had a social order. The majority of that social…
Power, Religion, and Conflict Go Hand in Hand
The destruction of the Western portion of the Roman Empire was much like a human stepping on a thriving ant hill. It scattered the Romans throughout the land, but luckily, the Catholic Church was there to regroup them. As most, if not all Romans were Catholic, their first cry for help went out to God. Apparently, it was answered by the surprising order that was withheld throughout the Church. That was the Roman peoples only tiny sliver of organization…
The Decline & Fall of the Roman Empire
Why a Roman “Fall”
Instability caused by no real plan of succession
Generals fought for power
In one 50year period there were 26 rulers
Trouble on the borders
Morally bankrupt leadership
High cost to maintain Army led to high taxes
Farmers left land and the middle classes fell into poverty
Moral decay of culture
Loss of faith in Rome
Values such as patriotism, discipline, and devotion to duty declined…
intellectual, economic, and social reasons.
Political Reasons for the Fall of Rome
Rome had never been able to establish an orderly system to replace Emperor upon death. The empire was divided by civil wars between leading Roman families. The government became inefficient and corrupt. The citizens felt little loyalty to government. The empire ended up becoming too large to administer efficiently.
Social Reasons for Fall of Rome
Roman cities were breeding grounds for disease. Population declined…
The Fall of Rome
The Roman Empire at its height spanned much of the known world. Rome through its military conquests had put a chokehold on the entirety of the Mediterranean Sea, thus asserting itself as the channel through which all trade within Western Europe occurred. Such geographical dominance included Roman territories ranging from Roman conquests in what are today, England through territories in Africa and the Middle East. Roman successes as described demonstrated the authority Rome commanded…
Rise and fall of an Empire
Beginning in its earliest history as Roman society began to develop the social norms and expectations, one of the lead ideals was the ability to absorb, and unite with outsiders. They adapted others to their way of life and also took in the knowledge of the peoples they conquered. Rome’s central focus was family, having a large, noisy household and entourage was a sign of social success. The belief was held that the gods wanted the Romans to rule the world through military…
There are many factors to blame for the Fall of Rome. Many people believe that the size
of the empire was a major factor. Christianity also had a major impact on Romans and and
helped lead to it’s fall. A third part of the fall was the division of the empire. Although, these
may not be all, these all had an enormous influence on the fall.
After the Roman Empire expanded to the point that it was too hard to control, people
started to devel…
The “Fall” of Rome
When a relationship falls apart it is from more than one problem. Just as a relationship can end from cheating, growing apart or going different paths it’s not hard for an empire to end. Even if the bond between them is serious it can collapse just like Rome. Political instability, economic and civic decay, and military mistakes were some of the reasons why Rome fell. Of these, the most important reason was political instability.
One important reason Rome fell was from military…