Carlos Campbell Fall of the Roman Republic After Rome’s conquest of the central Mediterranean from 387 BCE to 146 BCE there republic slowly fell due to many factors from these conquest including spoils of war, increase of population the militarization of politics, and the lack of a written constitution. Rome went into a number of wars against the trading city of Carthage from 264 BCE to 146 BCE. During this time Rome suffered a number of losses during this time but unless you take them out Rome just came back learning from their mistakes until they got it right (Freels, L.8). The first Punic War was fought over the control of Sicily after Rome came in control over southern Italy and became interested in the small southern island. The Carthaginians interest in wanting to control Sicily was to gain a complete trading monopoly in the western Mediterranean and block foreign trade from interfering with their business (Scullard. P.3). The conclusion of this war “officially” ended in a stalemate although it was basically won by Rome who gained control of not only Sicily but Sardinia and Corsica. At this point Rome did not include the island in her Italian confederacy but chose to govern a considerable part of it. The same was done to Sardinia and Corsica. (Freels. L8, Scullard P.3). Hannibal, prince of Carthage took over Spain in 221 before attacking Italy in 218. He fought for fifteen years against Rome before being forced to flee by Scipio’s landing in N.Africa where Hannibal lost again, leaving the Peninsula to Rome. These locations were turned into two new provinces (Scullard P.3). After the death of Hannibal at the battle of Zama the power of Carthage was basically crushed forever. Around 149-146 Rome razed, cursed, and ploughed over Carthage and around that period attacks Corinth to show its place as the dominant power & master of the Mediterranean. Between 241 and 200 Rome has gained four provinces and 50 years later 2 more. All of these except Macedonia were a result of the struggles with Carthage (Scullard P.4). The slaves from these conquests put many of Roman citizens out of a job. These citizens now depended on the government for food, which Rome provided in the form of Bread and Circuses. This put a hole in the government’s spending money for their armies. (scullard P.4). This gave way to Rome winning many spoils of war including but not up to territory, slaves, new citizens, and a naval power. This also had a negative impact on Rome because the soldiers in these wars were all once farmers expecting to come back to their land, which was taken over by the rich. Without any land they went to the…
armies of Pompey and gaining control of all of Rome, Caesar began to institute changes intended for the betterment of the Roman society, and quickly became beloved by his citizens. Unfortunately, his forgiving nature misled him into pardoning and later befriending a former ally of Pompey's named Marcus Brutus. Caesar placed Brutus in several positions of power within the Republic, and trusted the young man above all his allies. Brutus soon began planning the assassination of Caesar with another holder…
on him, I did mark
How he did shake; ‘tis ture, this god did shake.
His coward lips did from their color fly,
And that same eye whose bend doth awe the world
Did lose his luster; I did hear him groan;
Ay, and that tongue of his, that bade the Romans
Mark him and write his speeches in their books.
I was born free as Caesar; so where you:
We both have fed as well and we can both
Endure the winter’s cold as well as he:
For once, upon a raw and gusty day,
The troubled Tiber chafing with her…
Gaius Marius and the fall of the roman republic.
Gaius Marius was the son of a small plebeian farmer near Arpinum.
“1 Born of parents who were altogether obscure — poor people who lived by the labour of their own hands (Marius was his father's name, Fulcinia that of his mother), it was not till late that he saw the city p469or got a taste of city ways. In the meantime he lived at Cirrhaeaton,2 a village in the territory of Arpinum, in a manner that was quite rude when compared with the polished…
that cannot be seduced?” he asks rhetorically (I.ii.306). He decides to forge letters from Roman citizens declaring their support for Brutus and their fear of Caesar’s ascent to power; he will throw them into Brutus’s house that evening.
While the opening scene illustrates Caesar’s popularity with the masses, the audience’s first direct encounter with him presents an omen of his imminent fall. Caesar’s choice to ignore the Soothsayer’s advice proves the first in a series of failures…
Yes. Brutus clearly wishes the best for Rome, and kills Caesar out of "civic responsibility," understanding that if no one stops him, he'll become tyrant of Rome and the Republic will be over. He's the only one acting out of that conviction; most other characters in the play don not act honorably and are interested in how Caesar's death will benefit themselves.
Posted by enotechris on January 2, 2009.
Reply to Post
The Fall of The Roman Republic
The Ancient Roman Republics downfall can be linked to the corruption of the government. Conflicts of the government powers lead the government to become inefficient thusly leading to its fall.
The Roman Constitution was unwritten; it was more of a collection of oral traditions and laws that was passed down, and over time parts became vague and undefined. Being that they weren’t written down lead to conflicts of interpretation and obstruction of the traditions…
Constriction in Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire? Where and how was the economy still functioning? What were the impediments to economic development?
After the collapse of the Roman Empire, Europe underwent a long and harsh period of economic constriction. The noted date of the fall of the Roman Empire is when Germen general Odoacer overthrew the last Roman emperor in the West in 476. This event has come to symbolize all that had been characterized as Roman civilization declining, weakening…
Ancient Rome and his willingness to fight for what was right: freedom.
After being in the Roman army, Spartacus was captured and taken into slavery. During this time he was forced into gladiator school where he had no other choice but to learn how to fight till death. Slaves were not treated like humans and Spartacus could not stand the mistreatment any longer. He led a now famous slave revolt against the Romans to escape bondage.
Once escaping in 73BC, Spartacus took refuge on Mount Vesuvius with…
As one of the first republics and influencing empires, the Roman Republic is one that is commonly shunned due to the fame of the latter Roman Empire. The Roman Republic (509 BC – 27 BC) was mainly centered with the city of Rome.2 Future expansion gave the republic control of the complete Italy territory, the entire Mediterranean, North Africa, the Iberian Peninsula, Greece, France, and much of the East.1 The Roman Republic came to a rise when the Roman people fought and gained their…
The Roman Republic
Three named divinities
Last king overthrown in 509 BC, hence the founding of Rome
Beginning in 509 BC, and subsequently the founding of Rome took Place
The republic is a form of democracy. It was much more like today, you vote for someone who is actually representative. Idea of representative government
They formed a constitution with 3 main divisions, 2 consuls
2 Consuls: One consul for military and one for civic
elected every single year