The Fokker Fellowship was very successful short haul twinjet introduced as a successor to the Friendship in the 60s.
The Handley Page Dart Herald was a similar type to the Friendship but never achieved the success of the latter because it was initially marketed with piston engines and by the time HP realised their error and switched to turbo's they had missed the boat.
The Vickers Viking was a DC-3 contemporary based on the wartime Wellington bomber used mainly in the European market.
3. Why do they turn the lights out on takeoff and landing?
Believe it or not, they do this so your eyes will adjust to lower levels of light. If there's an accident and they have to deploy the emergency slides, studies have shown that you'll be able to see better and thus be able to evacuate more quickly and safely.
4. The saying “whole nine yards “ came from what situation? WWII In the pacific theatre, Navy fighters carried 27 feet of ammunition in each wing. When they gave enemy planes everything they had, they gave them "The whole nine yards".
5. What company developed the Pilots check list?
The Birth of the Pilot's Check List
On October 30, 1935, at Wright Air Field in Dayton, Ohio, the U.S. Army Air Corps held a flight competition for airplane manufacturers vying to build its next-generation long-range bomber. It wasn't supposed to be much of a competition. In early evaluations, the Boeing Corporation's gleaming aluminum-alloy Model 299 had trounced the designs of Martin and Douglas. Boeing's plane could carry five times as many bombs as the Army had requested; it could fly faster than previous bombers, and almost twice as far.
A Seattle newspaperman who had glimpsed the plane called it the "flying fortress," and the name stuck. The flight "competition," according to the military historian Phillip Meilinger, was regarded as a mere formality. The Army planned to order at least sixty-five of the aircraft.
A small crowd of Army brass and manufacturing executives watched as the Model 299 test plane taxied onto the runway. It was sleek and impressive, with a hundred-and-three-foot wingspan and four engines jutting out from the wings, rather than the usual two. The plane roared down the tarmac, lifted off smoothly and climbed sharply to three hundred feet. Then it stalled, turned on one wing and crashed in a fiery explosion. Two of the five crew members died, including the pilot, Major Ployer P. Hill (thus Hill AFB, Ogden, UT).
An investigation revealed that nothing mechanical had gone wrong. The crash had been due to "pilot error," the report said. Substantially more complex…