The potential for violence is inherent in every human being. Nature instills this potential for the mere sake of survival. Without it, the human race would likely not exist. By my definition, the killing and slaughtering of other living creatures are violent acts even if only committed for the sake of survival, for food or even as self-defense against a predator. When discussing violent acts of crime, other questions are brought to light and there may be differences of opinion on what constitutes violence in addition to what justifies violence. These are questions of nurture or, more appropriately, culture. Most in our society would consider the slaying of one’s own daughter a criminal act of violence and that the parents responsible are violent people. Would such an act best be attributed to nature or nurture? I believe such an act is violent and both nature and nurture could be contributing factors. In this particular example, the premeditated slaying of one’s daughter may be viewed as justifiable in some cultures and may not even be illegal. Some cultures and religions actually condone such an act and refer to it as an honor killing, where the daughter’s behavior may have shamed her family. I would conclude then, that this act demonstrates the violent behavior inherent in all of us due to nature but also demonstrates the effect cultural influences and one’s upbringing, nurture. I believe that nature has instilled and passes on genetic influences from generation to generation. These genetic tendencies vary among different species and sub-sections of species. If we look at canines, for example. Wolves clearly have different dispositions and tendencies toward violence than does a friendly household pet, a Labrador. These basic tendencies, nature, are a result of breeding and genetic inheritance. However, your friendly Labrador can be made into a violent, aggressive animal if mistreated from a very young age. This clearly demonstrates, to me, the effect of nurture on an animal’s disposition and tendency toward violence despite its natural tendency to be docile. I believe the exact same truth applies to…
BRIT. J. CRIMINOL.
(2001) 41, 421–430
ALLEGIANCE AND AMBIVALENCE
Some Dilemmas in Researching
Disorder and Violence
AL I S O N LI EB L I NG and BETSY STAN KO *
This issue arises from our deep commitment to criminological research and the need for
honest accounts of its complexity and emotional intricacy. We wished to share, with
neophyte researchers but also with others, some of the dilemmas we have faced and what
these dilemmas signify. We aimed to encourage those who have embarked…
Different types of channels (K+, Na+, Cl-)
o Electrochemical gradient- idea that inside wants to get out and outside wants to get in because of electrical charge attraction.
▪ Membrane potential- separation of electrical charges that exist across plasma membranes; provide an electrical force that influences the movement of ions across the membrane; difference between electrical charge inside and outside of the cell. Remember that like charges…
Despite the fact that there are significant gaps in our knowledge of workplace violence, it is estimated that millions of employees are directly or indirectly affected by acts of violence annually (ASIS, 2005). Data on workplace violence is mostly scattered and incomplete making it very difficult to acquire accurate information (Merchant & Lundell, 2001). It is estimated that at least half of non-fatal workplace violence occurrences go unreported (workplacevision, 2008). Furthermore, there is no coordinated…
Domestic violence has been prevalent throughout history, quickly gaining a disheartening reality of popularity. It seems as though it has become a disaster. The same question still remains, though, for many. What is it like, and why can’t the victims just walk away without explanation to his or her abuser and without emotional attachment?
It’s not as easy as it looks. Women who are in an abusive relationship often feel as if they deserve the abuse…
their day to day activities and interact with each other, there are many ways they can be aware of
potential bullying situations. Also of great importance is knowing what to do when a student
becomes aware of a potential bullying situation. teachers and staff must become increasingly
available and permit themselves to be easily approachable by any student who feels he or she is
threatened by or sees any potential bullying situation so students will feel that they can quickly
resolve any issues they find…
The bird has a mass of 2 kg. It is
flying at a speed of 5 m/s. Find its
= ? energy.
m = 2 kg
v = 5 m/s
KE = ½mv2
KE = ½(2 kg)(5 m/s)2
= 25 J
By the end of the day today, IWBAT…
•Define and solve for Potential energy
Launch: What is the kinetic energy
1 kg baseball traveling at a
Tuesday 6 January
Homework: Read and take notes: 8.6
one goal: Create a technology unlike anything that has ever been done. Steven Jobs’ first product was a simple processor for a computer, and before he died he brought his company from bankruptcy to the most successful company in the world. As my potential investors, I want to share the possibilities that Apple offers. My plans are to take your investment and discuss with Apple about a partnership and opening an Apple store. It would be a shared ownership. Number process for this is very simple. To…
distance travelled in a specific amount of time
3. Chemical potential energy: stored energy.
4. Chemical energy: potential energy stored in chemical bonds or compounds
5. Displacement: vector quantity that measure change in distance, direction or position of an object.
6. Distance travelled: scalar quantity that measure how far and object has moved.
7. Efficiency: ratio of how useful work output to the total work input.
8. Elastic potential energy: energy stored in an object that has it shape changed…
Standard reduction potential (E0) is the potential associated
with a reduction reaction at an electrode when all solutes are
1 M and all gases are at 1 atm (standard conditions)
Standard Hydrogen Electrode (SHE) = accepted reference point
2e- + 2H+ (1 M)
H2 (1 atm)
Standard potential assigned to E0 = 0 V
All other standard reduction
potentials are measured relative
to the SHE reference
Standard Reduction Potentials
• Electrode potentials are…