Essay about Unit 5 Keyterms

Submitted By ishasharma12
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Pages: 10

Turley U.S. I Honors
Unit. 5 The Republicans
Isha Sharma
December 24, 2014
Period: 12

Great Lakes Campaign- naval campaign during the war of 1812 in which the British tried to win dominance in the Northwest Territory through a series of naval battles on the great lakes
Significance- Campaign during was of 1812 where the British tried to win dominance in the Northwest Territory
The Burning of Washington DC- the British occupied and burned the nation's capital in this attack in August 1814. Forced the President Madison and his cabinet to flee. Dolly Madison stayed in town long enough to save cabinet documents and a portrait of George Washington
Significance- the British invasion of Washington D.C., in the summer of 1814 was a defining moment in the coming-of-age of the United States
Francis Scott Key- United States lawyer and poet who wrote a poem after witnessing the British attack on Baltimore during the War of 1812; the poem was later set to music and entitled `The Star-Spangled Banner' (1779-1843)
Significance- he wrote the American National Anthem
The “Red Sticks”- English language term for a traditionalist faction of Muscogee Creek people in the American Southeast in the early 19th century. They led a resistance movement to European-American encroachment and assimilation; the tensions culminated in the outbreak of the Creek War in 1813
Significance- Upper Creek campaign began, and the first white settlers were killed. This group of four thousand or so Creeks became known as the Red Sticks
General Andrew Jackson- A general and political leader of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. As a general in the War of 1812, he defeated the British in the Battle of New Orleans. He was called “Old Hickory.”
Significance- during the War of 1812, Jackson was appointed a Major General and sent to New Orleans to prepare the city's defenses against an impending British attack. His army of Tennessee and Kentucky volunteers defeated an invading British force of 7500 men and forced the British to withdraw from the region
The Battle of New Orleans- On June 18, 1812, the United States stunned the world by declaring war on Great Britain. One cause of the War of 1812 was the British disregard of American shipping rights. Between 1808 and 1811 over 6,000 Americans were impressed by the British.

Significance- It was the final battle of the War of 1812. The American victory in the Gulf region forced the British to recognize United States claims to Louisiana and West Florida and to ratify the Treaty of Ghent, which ended the war. It marked the state's political incorporation into the Union. It helped the Union gain control of the Mississippi River

The Treaty of Ghent- signed on December 24, 1814 in the Flemish city of Ghent, was the peace treaty that ended the War of 1812 between the United States of America and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Significance- ended the War of 1812 and returned US-British relations to the status they had had before the war
The Second Barbary War- also known as the Algerine or Algerian War, was the second of two wars fought between the United States and the Ottoman Empire's North African regencies of Tripoli, Tunis, and Algeria, known collectively as the Barbary States
Significance- The war brought an end to the American practice of paying tribute to the pirate states and helped mark the beginning of the end of piracy in that region, which had been rampant in the days of Ottoman domination
Presidential and Congressional Elections of 1812- Madison won Younger Federalists making an impact because more Federalists were voting in Congress Federalists joined Democratic-Republicans in supporting Clinton
Significance- noteworthy for being a wartime election. It gave voters an opportunity to render judgment on the presidency of James Madison, who had recently led the United States into the War of 1812
The Hartford Convention- series of meetings from December 15, 1814 – January 5,